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2022, vol. 96, br. 2, str. 136-151
Faktori rizika povezani sa hroničnim nezaraznim bolestima u populaciji žena centralne Srbije
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka, Katedra za socijalnu medicinu, uvod u medicinu i veštinu komunikacije sa pacijentom, Srbija
bUniverzitet u Ljubljani, Ekonomsko-poslovna škola, Ljubljana, Slovenija
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka, Srbija
dKlinički centar Kragujevac, Srbija

e-adresacecaradevic@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Hronične nezarazne bolesti (HNB) predstavljaju veliki javno-zdravstveni problem u mnogim zemljama sveta. Najznačajniji fak-tori rizika za nastanak HNB su pušenje, hipertenzija, hiperho-lesterolemija, alkohol, gojaznost, nepravilna ishrana i fizička neaktivnost. Procena rasprostranjenosti i distribucije faktora rizika za nastanak hroničnih nezaraznih bolesti u populaciji žena centralne Srbije i definisanje potreba za preventivnim aktivno-stima su glavni ciljevi ovog istraživanja. Istraživanje po tipu studije preseka sprovedeno je na uzorku od 1182 osobe ženskog pola reproduktivnog perioda (15-49 godina starosti) sa teritorije cen-tralne Srbije, u periodu od aprila 2019. godine do novembra 2021. godine. Istraživanje su sproveli nastavnici i studenti Fakulteta medicinskih nauka Univerziteta u Kragujevcu prema metodologiji i instrumentima STEPwise Approach to Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factor Surveillance, Svetske zdravstvene organizacije (STEPS), a uz podršku Ministarstva bez portfelja zaduženog za demografiju i populacionu politiku Republike Srbije. Pomoću komercijalnog, standardnog programskog paketa SPSS, verzija 18.0. (The Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS Inc, version 18.0, Chicago, IL)) urađeni su statistički proračuni. U našem istraživanju, 62,5% žena svakodnevno konzumira duvanske proizvode, a 68,5% je kon-zumiralo alkohol u poslednjih 12 meseci. Četvrtina ispitanica (27,9%) konzumira voće svakoga dana tokom nedelje, a nešto manje od polovine (43,2%) ispitanica svakodnevno konzumira povrće. Da dodaje so hrani pre nego što je proba izjasnilo se 40,1% žena, a jedna petina njih se izjasnila da najmanje 10 minuta u kontinuitetu obavlja fitnes, rekreativnu ili sportsku akivnost snažnog inten-ziteta u slobodno vreme. Zaključak ovog ispitivanja je da u popu-laciji žena centralne Srbije postoji prisustvo faktora rizika za nastanak HNB, te je neophodno preduzeti odgovarajuće preventivne mere.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/serbjph2202136R
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.07.2022.

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