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2022, br. 58, str. 175-191
Identifikacija i ublažavanje poremećaja globalnih lanaca snabdevanja u uslovima neizvesnosti
Visoka škola za poslovnu ekonomiju i preduzetništvo, Beograd

e-adresabra.radici@hotmail.com, vlado.radic55@hotmail.com
Sažetak
Organizacije se suočavaju sa brojnim odlukama u dizajniranju svojih lanaca snabdevanja, koji uključuju broj, vrstu i lokaciju proizvodnih pogona, distributivnih centara, maloprodajnih objekata, servisa ili centara tehničke podrške, izbor dobavljača, načine upravljanja tokom informacija kroz lanac snabdevanja i integraciju svih delova u efikasan i efektivan sistem. Neodgovarajući dizajn lanca snabdevanja može potkopati strategiju organizacije, dovesti do nižih prihoda, manje konkurentnosti, tržišnog udela i profita. Kako se linije proizvoda i tržišta menjaju ili proširuju, dizajn ili redizajn lanaca snabdevanja postaje još kritičnije pitanje. Rizici kojima su izloženi lanci snabdevanja su različiti, a njihovo funkcionisanje mogu poremetiti brojne situacije, koje su i u prošlosti imale ozbiljne globalne posledice. Pored ratova, nuklearnih akcidenata, kataklizmičnih zemljotresa, vulkanskih erupcija, eksplozija, požara i cunamija, epidemije SARS-a, MERS-a, HIV-a, Ebole i Zika virusa, kao i najnovija pandemija Kovid-19, dovele su do saznanja da je čovečanstvo nemoćno pred ovakvim katastrofama. Bez obzira na dostignuća u nauci, obimna i dugotrajna medicinska istraživanja, epidemije (pandemije) su odnele milione ljudskih života i imale negativne uticaje na društvo u celini, ali i na efikasnost poslovanja i lanaca snabdevanja. Prošle epidemije privukle su pažnju naučnika i stručnjaka iz industrije što je rezultovalo potrebom reinženjeringa organizacija i prilagođavanja lanaca snabdevanja budućim izazovima. U kontektsu trenutne pandemije, uočeni su ozbiljni poremećaji, pa je veliki broj industrija imao do sada nezabeležene posledice. Odgovori na takve epidemije upućuju na konstataciju da globalni lanci snabdevanja treba da budu integrisaniji i digitalno spremniji. Digitalizacija lanaca snabdevanja mogla bi da poboljša kvalitet odgovora na poremećaje povezane sa epidemijom povećanjem njihove fleksibilnosti u takvim okolnostima. U ovom radu identifikovani su najvažniji poremećaji i mere za ublažavanje posledica tih poremećaja u globalnim lancima snabdevanja, kao i upravljanje rizicima u uslovima neizvesnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/bastina32-40664
primljen: 28.02.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.01.2023.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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