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2009, vol. 37, iss. 5, pp. 562-572
Meloidogyne: The worst nematode pests in greenhouse
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture

emailmilan@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Abstract
Covered crop production provides optimized conditions for quality cash vegetables, small fruits and mushrooms, marketable all year around. Presence of host plants, warmth and moisture also promotes intensive development of various pests, including several groups of plant parasitic and mycophagous nematodes. Such pests are often especially persistent and harmful in covered crops, and amongst nematodes the root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species) are by far the most harmful ones. They are highly specialized obligate endoparasites causing formation of galls on host plant roots. Several very polyphagous species cause most of the total damage by meloidogyne world wide: Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica, M. arenaria and M. hapla. Anatomy and function of galled root system are disrupted, and above-ground parts with leaves, flowers and fruits have lower yield and quality. Efficient control of root-knot nematodes is difficult and expensive, because crop rotation does not work and limited choice of pesticides can only suppress population for a short time. Disinfection of infested planting substrate and removal of plants with galled roots contribute to the control. Root-knot nematodes are spread with infested soil and planting material. They cannot infest clean covered crops without assistance of people. Therefore, the most sustainable way of control is to prevent spreading of root-knot nematodes into uninfected greenhouses.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 09/02/2010