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2014, vol. 68, iss. 2, pp. 193-198
Antioxidant capacity and contents of phenols, ascorbic acid, β-carotene and lycopene in lettuce
aInstitute for Vegetable Crops, Smederevska Palanka
bUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, Čačak

emailjzdravkovic@institut-palanka.co.rs
Project:
Integrating biotechnology approach in breeding vegetable crops for sustainable agricultural systems (MESTD - 31059)

Abstract
The antioxidant activity of three lettuce varieties (Lactuca sativa L.) Emerald, Vera and Neva, cultivated in two kinds of protected spaces, a glasshouse and a plastic greenhouse, under controlled conditions, was determined. The content of antioxidant compounds: total phenols, flavonoids, L-ascorbic acid, β-carotene and lycopene, were determined in ethanolic extracts of the lettuce with spectrophotometric methods. The largest content of total phenols (78.98±0.67 mg GAE/g of dry extract) was found in ethanolic extract of the lettuce variety Neva cultivated in a plastic greenhouse, whereas the largest content of flavonoids (35.45±0.95 mg RU/g of dry extract) was displayed in the lettuce Emerald cultivated in a glasshouse. It was observed that the lettuce cultivated in the glasshouse contained a somewhat higher content of L-ascorbic acid than the lettuce same variety from plastic greenhouse. The content of lycopene in the examined lettuce is negligible, and the content of β-carotene is low. On the other hand, the high content of phenolic components causes favourable antioxidant properties found in all varieties of examined lettuce.

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article language: English
document type: Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/HEMIND130222043Z
published in SCIndeks: 30/05/2015

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