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2011, vol. 37, iss. 1, pp. 45-54
Energy efficiency of the lettuce open filed and greenhouse production
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture

emailsaskad@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Project:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 20076: Unapređenje i očuvanje poljoprivrednih resursa u funkciji racionalnog korišćenja energije i kvaliteta poljoprivredne proizvodnje

Keywords: lettuce; open filed; tunnel structure; multi-span greenhouses; energy productivity
Abstract
Greenhouse production is still among the most energy-consuming branches of agriculture. Producers are faced with high cost of the operations involved in greenhouse production processes (climate control, fertilizing, irrigation). This is the reason why an optimal combination of energy inputs that will make this production more energy efficient, needs to be found. In this paper the influence of the production technology and greenhouse construction on energy efficiency in winter lettuce production was estimated for different double plastic covered greenhouses in Serbia region. In order to see whether the greenhouse structure influences energy consumption, energy inputs were estimated for lettuce production in the open filed and in four different greenhouse structures (a tunnel and gutter connected structure and two multi-span greenhouses). On the basis of lettuce production output and the energy input, specific energy input, energy output-input ratio and energy productivity were estimated. Results show that the lowest energy consumption was obtained for gutter connected greenhouse with two bays, 3.11 MJ/m2. The highest energy consumption was measured for the open filed lettuce production, 7.99 MJ/m2. The lowest lettuce yield was measured in the open filed production (1.89 kg/m2) and the highest in the multi-span greenhouse, GH4, (6.08 kg/m2). The highest value for output-input ratio was calculated for the multi-span greenhouse with thirteen bays, 0.85 and the lowest for the open filed production, 0.11. Regression equations show the nature of the greenhouse structure influence on these parameters.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 07/03/2012

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