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2020, vol. 36, br. 3, str. 297-307
Uticaj farme i sezone rođenja na telesnu masu teladi u prvoj nedelji života
aInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun
bInstitut za primenu nauke u poljoprivredi, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresaljiljanasamolovac@gmail.com
Projekat:
451-03-68/2020-14

Ključne reči: telad; ishrana kolostrumom; telesna masa; sezona; farma
Sažetak
Telesna masa teladi u najranijem periodu života teladi (uzrast od 0 do 7 dana) je pod najvećim uticajem farme i sezone rođenja. Farma svoj uticaj ispoljava najčešće kroz uslove ishrane i držanja i organizaciju tehnološkog procesa proizvodnje, dok se uticaj sezone rođenja ispoljava kroz mikroklimatske i uslove ishrane, takođe. Najčešći nedostaci vezani za ishranu novorođene teladi odnose se na: neadekvatno napajanje kolostrumom u smislu kvaliteta, količine i vremena uzimanja kolostruma, što je u tesnoj vezi sa organizacijom tehnološkog procesa proizodnje na farmi. Nedostaci u ishrani odražavaju se na telesnu masu teladi na rođenju i sa 8 dana života. U ispitivanju sprovedenom tokom 2013-2014 godine (4 sezone) analizirana je ishrana kolostrumom novorođenimh teladi HF rase na dve farme (A i B) sa vezanim sistemom držanja. Telad su napajana kolostrumom na obe farme u intervalu, najčešće do 2 sata, ređe do 4 sata nakon rođenja. Konzumirani kolostrum je poticao od majke, najčešće, a ređe od druge krave, dok se na jednoj od farmi koristio i zamrznut. Međutim, količina konzumiranog kolostruma bila je deficitarna, iznosila je 1-2 l na farmi A, a 2,5 do 3 l na farmi B. Na postojanje deficitarne ishrane ili drugih propusta u ishrani teladi ukazivala je prosečna telesna masa, merena na rođenju i u uzrastu od 8 dana života. Na farmi A je zabeležena manja prosečna telesna masa teladi (37,95 i 39,68kg) nego na farmi B (40,00 i 41,80kg) po starosnim kategorijama, redom. Na prosečnu telesnu masu teladi statistički veoma značajno (p<0,01) su uticali farma i sezona rođenja, kao i njihova međusobna interakcija, ali je efekat farme bio izraženiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH2003297S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.10.2020.
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