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2015, vol. 20, br. 39, str. 51-65
Uticaj mineralnih i organskih hraniva kod lucerke na prinos semena, biomasu korena i sadržaj humusa u zemljištu
aInstitute of Forage Crops, Pleven, Bulgaria
bNexus Technology Consultancy Sdn. Bhd., Kompleks Sentral, Jalan Segambut Atas, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Ključne reči: lucerka; mineralno đubrenje; stajnjak; prinos semena; masa suvog korena; humus
Sažetak
Ogled je sproveden u Institutu za krmno bilje, Pleven, Bugarska (2000-2003) u cilju proučavanja uticaja mineralnih i organskih hraniva na prinos semena lucerke, akumulaciju biomase korena i sadržaja humusa u zemljištu. Sorta lucerke Viktorija je gajena na izluženom černozemu bez navodnjavanja. Doze mineralnog azota (aktivni sastojak) od 70, 140 i 210 kg ha-1 su testirane u vidu amonijum nitrata i dobro zgorelog stajnjaka. Utvrđeno je da mineralno i organsko đubrivo u dozama od 140 i 210 kg ha-1 povećava prinos semena za 9,9% i 20,9% za mineralna, a za 30,3% i 40,6% za organska đubriva. Prinos semena je bio stabilniji kod đubrenja stajnjakom u poređenju sa mineralnim. Lucerka je akumulirala između 2669 i 3098 kg ha-1 suve korenove masa posle mineralne ishrane i između 3310 i 3570 kg ha-1 posle primene stajnjaka. Dodatnih 482 do 698 kg ha-1 mase korena je akumulirano primenom mineralnih đubriva. Visoki odnosi azotnih prinosa (od 192 do 216 kg ha-1) i biljkama dostupng azota (od 77 do 86 kg ha-1) su dobijeni kod tretmana sa organskim đubrivom. Najviši iznos humusa ostao je u zemljištu nakon ishrane lucerke organskim đubrivom u dozi od 210 kg ha-1.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/AASer1539051V
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.03.2016.