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2022, vol. 27, br. 54, str. 129-135
Priming seeds of sorghum and sudangrass using water and aquatic extracts of willow and banana
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad, Srbija
bMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola, Srbija
cInstitut za povrtarstvo, Smederevska Palanka, Srbija
dBijeljina University, Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresazlatica.miladinov@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)

Ključne reči: vodeni biljni ekstrakti; potapanje semena; seme; krmni sirak; sudanska trava
Sažetak
Cilj ovog rada je bio da se ispita uticaj potapanja semena krmnog sirka (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) i sudanske trave (Sorghum sudanense Pers.) na parametre kvaliteta semena (energija klijanja, klijavost, dužina klijanca i vigor indeks). Ogled je izveden na Institutu za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo u Novom Sadu. Istraživanja su sprovedena na semenu krmnog sirka sorte NS Džin i sudanske trave sorte Srem. Za potapanje semena korišćena je destilovana voda, i vodeni ekstrakt mladih grana vrbe (Salix matsudana) i zrelih plodova banane (Musa x paradisiaca). Seme je potapano u trajanju od: 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h i 24 h. Rezultati su pokazali da potapanje semena krmnog sirka i sudanske trave u vodene ekstrakte mladih grana vrbe i zrelih plodova banane može imati pozitivan efekat na parametre kvaliteta semena: energiju klijanja, klijavost, dužinu klijanca i vigor indeks. Najbolji efekat na energiju klijanja i klijavost semena ostvaren je upotrebom vodenog ekstrakta mladih grana vrbe na semenu sudanske trave. Povećanje je iznosilo 9,30% i 9,20%. Potapanjem semena krmnog sirka u vodeni ekstrakt zrelih plodova banane ostvaren je bolji efekat na dužinu klijanca i vigor semena. Povećanje je iznosilo 36,86% i 40,33%. Kod svih parametara istraživanja najbolji efekat je ostvaren pri potapanju od 3 h. Međutim, pored pozitivnog, potapanje može imati i negativan efekat. Najznačajnije smanjenje utvrđeno je na semenu krmnog sirka, prilikom potapanja u vodeni ekstrakt zrelih plodova banane u trajanju od 24 h. Klijavost je smanjena za 9,30%.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2254129M
primljen: 24.05.2022.
prihvaćen: 20.09.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.01.2023.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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