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2021, vol. 38, br. 1, str. 56-63
Trendovi akutnog infarkta miokarda u populaciji Nišavskog okruga
aPublic Health Institute Niš, Niš
bPublic Health Institute Niš, Niš + Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
cMinistry of Internal Affairs, Gendarmerie Detachment in Kraljevo, Kraljevo

e-adresadrrancicnatasa@gmail.com
Sažetak
Akutni infarkt miokarda je vodeći uzrok obolevanja i prevremene smrti stanovništva širom sveta. Cilj rada bio je da utvrdi trendove incidencije i mortaliteta akutnog infarkta miokarda od 2006. do 2019. godine u populaciji Nišavskog okruga. Primenjena je deskriptivna metoda. Podaci o incidenciji i mortalitetu akutnog infarkta miokarda dobijeni su iz populacionog registra za akutni koronarni sindrom Srbije. Izračunavane su nestandardizovane, specifične i standardizovane stope incidencije i mortaliteta na 100.000 stanovnika. Izračunavan je i linearni trend. Ukupno je registrovano 12142 novoobolelih slučaja od akutnog infarkta miokarda (7595 muškaraca i 4547 žena). Muškarci su obolevali 1,7 puta više od žena. Utvrđen je pad trenda incidencije akutnog infarkta miokarda (y = 0,4868x + 112,24; R² = 0.0029), ali pad nije bio statistički značajan. Ukupno je registrovano 3925 umrlih (2260 muškaraca i 1665 žena). Muškarci su 1.4 puta više umirali od žena. Zabeležen je statistički značajan pad trenda mortaliteta akutnog infarkta miokarda i kod muškaraca (y = -1.6112x + 52.563, R² = 0.7779) i kod žena (y = -0,4956x + 22,81; R² = 0,3306). Tvrđen je značajan porast trenda mortaliteta akutnog infarkta miokarda sa starenjem (y = 11,152x - 34,519; R² = 0,7022). Trend incidencije ima tendenciju opadanja, ali utvrđeni pad od 2006. do 2019. godine nije bio statistički značajan. Stope incidencije i mortaliteta bile su više kod muškaraca nego kod žena u celom posmatranom periodu. Trend mortaliteta je i kod muškaraca i kod žena statički značajno opao, a utvrđen je i statistički značajan porast trenda mortaliteta sa starenjem.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/afmnai38-30381
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.04.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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