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2021, vol. 66, br. 4, str. 321-334
Efekat tretmana semena elektromagnetnim poljem niskih frekvencija na produktivnost soje
aUniverzitet Bijeljina, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Bijeljina, Republika Srpska
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
cInstitut za primenu nauke u poljoprivredi, Beograd
dMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola
eUniverzitet u Kragujevcu

e-adresamarijacvijanovic@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Razvoj nauke i tehnologije ide u pravcu introdukcije novih pristupa u oplemenjivanju biljaka i različitih metoda za povećanja produktivnosti biljaka. Jedna od najnovijih metoda je implementacija ekološki prihvatljive tehnike korišćenja pulsirajućeg elektromagnetnog polja niskih frekvencija (PEMP). U radu su prikazani rezultati uticaja elektromagnetne stimulacije semena soje na masu zrna po biljci, masu 1.000 zrna i prinos zrna u različitim agroekološkim uslovima. U trogodišnjem istraživanju, u periodu od 2013. do 2015. godine, korišćena je sorta soje Valjevka, gajena pri različitim količinama đubriva (kontrola - bez đubrenja, 750 kg/ha i 1300 kg/ha). Pre setve, seme je bilo podvrgnuto stimulaciji sa PEMP u varijantama: kontrola - bez stimulacije i stimulacija naizmeničnim magnetnim poljem sa indukcijom od 30 mT i vreme ekspozicije od 15 minuta. Prosečna masa zrna po biljci pri stimulaciji semena bila je za 11,53% (12,09) viša nego bez PEMP (10,84). Masa 1.000 zrna sa PEMP je iznosila 155,99 g, što je bilo više za 2,06% u odnosu na varijantu bez PEMP (152,83 g). Prosečan prinos zrna soje za sve tri godine istraživanja sa stimulacijom semena je bio za 4,85% veći (3481,25 kg/ha) nego bez PEMP (3320,14 kg/ha). Stimulacija semena sa PEMP ima ekonomsku opravdanost, obzirom na rast cena soje na svetskoj berzi. Rezultati pokazuju da PEMP tretman semena soje može značajno uticati na prinos zrna soje i da se suprotstavi neželjenim efektima poput suše i nedostatka đubriva.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS2104321B
primljen: 19.08.2021.
prihvaćen: 24.11.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 30.12.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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