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2020, vol. 57, br. 3, str. 80-86
Raznolikost fitopatogenih gljiva na semenu soje u Srbiji
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresaslobodan.krsmanovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)

Ključne reči: soja; seme; fitopatogene gljive; učestalost infekcije
Sažetak
Soja je jedna on najznačajnih gajenih industrijskih biljnih vrsta na svetu. Bogat nutritivni sadržaj zrna zaslužan je za sve veću učestalost gajenja ove industrijske biljke širom sveta. Međutim, veliki broj fitopatogenih gljiva egzistira u semenu soje i nepovoljno utiče na hranljivi sadržaj zrna pa samim tim i na smanjenu klijavost i životnu sposobnost. Zdravstveni pregled semena soje u trogodišnjem periodu od 2016. do 2018. godine, pokazao je da fitopatogene vrste iz rodova Alternaria, Diaporthe i Fusarium, kao i vrste Peronospora manshurica, Macrophominaphaseolina, Botrytis cinerea, i Cercospora kikuchii egzistiraju u semenu soje prikupljenom iz sedam lokaliteta u Srbiji. Ipak, P. manshurica i vrste iz roda Alternaria pokazale su se kao najdominantnije vrste u sve tri godine. Takođe, ustanovljeno je da vremenski uslovi, lokalitet gajenja i odabir sorte značajno utiču na intenzitet zaraze. Rezultati ovog istraživanja pokazuju koji patogeni predstavljaju pretnju uspešnoj semenskoj proizvodnji soje i pomažu u pronalaženju preventivnih mera za suzbijanje ovih patogena u toku vegetacije.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov57-27516
primljen: 15.07.2020.
prihvaćen: 19.08.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.12.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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