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2020, vol. 57, br. 3, str. 72-79
Uticaj efektivnih mikroorganizama na parametre biogenosti zemljišta u rizosferi različitih genotipova soje i prinosa soje
aMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu
cNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
dUniversity of Bijeljina, Faculty of Agriculture, Bijeljina, BiH

e-adresacvijagor@yahoo.com
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za informacione tehnologije, Kragujevac) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200378)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)

Ključne reči: efektivni mikroorganizmi; soja; biogenost zemljišta; prinos
Sažetak
Cilj istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi efekat primene efektivnih mikroorganizama (EM) na osnovne mikrobiološke parametre biogenosti zemljišta i visinu prinosa zrna soje. Istraživanja su sprovedena u periodu 2016-2018. Faktor A su gpdine 2016-2018; faktor B genotip soje Galina, Sava, Rubin i faktor C primena EM: varijanta 1kontrola, varijanta 2-EM u zemljište 20 l/ha i folijarni tretmana u fazi razvoja biljaka od tri do četiri troliske i fazi butonizacije, 5 lha-1); varijanta 3-NPK đubriva (8:15:15), 300 kgha-1 i varijanta 4 - varijanta 2 + varijanta 3. U toku punog cvetanja utvrđeni su osnovni parametri biogenosti zemljišta ukupan broj mikroorganizama (TNB) i brojnost azotobaktera (AZB) i visinu prinosa zrna na kraju vegetacije. Ispitivani faktori su imali statistički značajan uticaj na ispitivane parametre. Parametri biogenosti zemljišta kod varijante 4 EM+NPK statistički značajno (p<0,01) bili veći od kontrole i varijante 3. Varijanta 2 uticala je naveću brojnost p<0,01 u odnosu na kontrolu dok u odnosu na druge varijante značajnost je bila p<0,05 (factor B). U rizosferi genotipa Rubin utvrđena je najveća brojnost svih ispitivanih parametara (faktor C). Varijanta 2 sa EM uticala je na povećanje prinosa od 13,29% u odnosu na kontrolu što je bilo na nivou (p<0,05), a sa primenom EM+NPK varijanta 4 prinos je bio veći za 15,95% što je bilo na nivou (p<0,01) značajnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov57-27962
primljen: 13.08.2020.
prihvaćen: 02.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.12.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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