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2020, vol. 65, br. 4, str. 311-320
Uticaj pulsirajućeg elektromagnetnog polja na sadržaj proteina u semenu soje
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola
cNational Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Institute of Experimental Botany of the Minsk, Belarus

e-adresavojin.djukic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Interdisciplinarni pristup stvaranju novih sorti soje i unapređenju tehnologije gajenja i dorade semena (MPNTR - 31022)
This article is part of the project 114-451-2739/2016 "Sustainable production of plant proteins: soybean, microorganisms, response to climate change" financially supported by the Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development. We express our sincerest gratitude to them for support.

Sažetak
Mnoga istraživanja pokazuju da se u poslednjih 20 godina povećanje proizvodnje po hektaru ostvaruje uglavnom zahvaljujući stvaranju novih sorti i razvoju oplemenjivanja biljaka. Inovacije u oplemenjivanju biljaka su glavni put za iznalaženje novih osobina, vrednosti i tolerantnosti, koje jedine mogu da odgovore povećanom zahtevu za prinosom i efikasnijom proizvodnjom. Osim visokih i stabilnih prinosa, veoma je važno da seme soje poseduje i zadovoljavajući tehnološki kvalitet. Zbog toga je cilj ovog istraživanja bio da se ispita kako primena pulsirajućeg elektromagnetnog polja (PEMP) deluje na sadržaj proteina u semenu soje u zavisnosti od godine, vremena trajanja ekspozicije i jačine frekvencije. Poljski ogled je izveden na eksperimentalnom polju Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo u Novom Sadu u periodu od 2010. do 2013. godine. Za ovo istraživanje korišćeno je seme srednjerane sorte Valjevka koje je izlagano pulsirajućem elektromagnetnom polju (PEMP) pomoću generatora impulsa i trakastog aplikatora. Korišćeno je pulsirajuće elektromagnetno polje niskih frekvencija (16, 24, 30, 72 Hz) u vremenu ekspozicije od 0, 30, 60 i 90 minuta. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da primena ove metode može povećati prinos proteina u semenu soje do 20%, što predstavlja značajno povećanje i dobru osnovu da se ova mera počne koristiti, pre svega u organskoj proizvodnji, gde je primena sredstava za tretiranje semena veoma ograničena međutim, ova mera može imati i inhibitorni efekat ako se izabere nepovoljna kombinacija vremena ekspozicije i jačine frekvencije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS2004311D
primljen: 13.12.2019.
prihvaćen: 16.11.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.01.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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