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2009, vol. 42, br. 4, str. 491-504
Uloga crte anksioznosti u indukciji stanja anksioznosti
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet, Odsek za psihologiju

e-adresatovilov@eunet.yu
Projekat:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149008: Psychological characteristics of the society in transition

Sažetak
Istraživanju je imalo tri cilja: proveru psihometrijskih karakteristika novokonstruisanog instrumenta za merenje crte anksioznosti - AT29, ispitivanje uspešnosti eksperimentalne indukcije anksioznog stanja i ispitivanje doprinosa crte anksioznosti merene pomoću AT29 reagovanju na afektivnu indukciju. AT29 je primenjen u sklopu šire baterije testova na ukupnom uzorku od 232 studenta psihologije. Tri nedelje nakon tog ispitivanja, iz inicijalnog uzorka slučajno je odabrano 90 ispitanika za eksperimentalni deo istraživanja. Ispitanici su slučajnim odabirom podeljeni u dve grupe. Eksperimentalnoj grupi je prikazan filmski insert putem koga je indukovano osećanje straha, a kontrolna grupa je posmatrala neutralni videomaterijal u istom trajanju. Stanje anksioznosti kod obe grupe je mereno pomoću STAI-S neposredno pre i posle afektivne indukcije. Rezultati eksperimentalnog dela istraživanja pokazuju da postoji značajna povezanost crte anksioznosti merene pomoću AT29 i stanja anksioznosti u oba merenja - pre i nakon indukcije. Nakon indukcije straha, eksperimentalna grupa je imala značajno povišenje stanja anksioznosti, no interakcija crte anksioznosti i grupne pripadnosti se nije pokazala značajnom. Diskutovani su mogući razlozi za odsustvo efekta crte anksioznosti na indukciju stanja anksioznosti i iznete smernice i preporuke za dalja istraživanja. Osim ovih nalaza, ustanovljeno je da novokonstruisani AT29 ima veoma dobre psihometrijske karakteristike - visoku internu konzistentnost (α=.96), test-retest pouzdanost (.86), kao i divergentnu i konvergentnu validnost.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PSI0904491T
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.12.2009.