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2019, vol. 18, br. 4, str. 391-417
Samokrivica kod roditelja dece s poremećajem iz spektra autizma i motoričkim poremećajima - uloga detetovog problematičnog ponašanja i crta ličnosti
aUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Education, Special Education Department, Honolulu, USA
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju, Srbija

e-adresacolicmarija@outlook.com
Ključne reči: poremećaj iz spektra autizma; crte ličnosti; motorički poremećaji; problematično ponašanje; samokrivica; stigma
Sažetak
Uprkos prethodnim nalazima koji su pokazali negativan efekat samokrivice na blagostanje, malo se zna o prisustvu samokrivice kod roditelja dece s razvojnom ometenošću. Stoga je cilj ove studije bio da se ispita samokrivica na uzorku roditelja dece s poremećajem iz spektra autizma i motoričkim poremećajima iz Srbije. Dodatno, želeli smo da istražimo efekat detetovog problematičnog ponašanja, crta ličnosti, opažene i doživljene stigme i sociodemografskih karakteristika na roditeljsku samokrivicu. Uzorak je uključio 82 roditelja iz nekoliko većih gradova. Za potrebe ove studije konstruisali smo Skalu roditeljske samokrivice, koja se sastoji od sedam stavki. Generalno roditelji su izvestili o nižem stepenu samokrivice, mada je 22% imalo umeren i visok stepen. Nije dobijena razlika u stepenu samokrivice u odnosu na dijagnozu deteta. Pokazano je da s porastom dečijih emocionalnih simptoma i opadanjem saradljivosti, roditelji više sebe okrivljuju. Sociodemografske karakteristike, opažena i doživljena stigma nisu imale efekat na samokrivicu. Naši rezultati ukazuju da kliničari treba da uzmu u obzir različitost roditeljskih iskustava i stepen samokrivice prilikom razvijanja programa podrške, te da se Skala roditeljske samokrivice može koristiti u identikovanju ranjivih roditelja. Dodatno, podrška treba da bude usmerena i na dete, kako bi mu se pomoglo da ublaži emocionalne probleme, što će posledično pomoći celoj porodici.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/specedreh18-24824
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.05.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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