Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:21
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:10
article: 8 from 220  
Back back to result list
Bezbednost, Beograd
2019, vol. 61, iss. 3, pp. 140-159
article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published on: 29/01/2020
doi: 10.5937/bezbednost1903140G
Psychosocial assistance in disasters
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Security Studies
bUniversity of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, Belgrade

Abstract

In disaster situations, human lives are essentially altered and followed by different consequences - loss of loved ones, control over own life, feelings of safety and hope. The severity of stress reactions differs among individuals and communities, and hence the need for interventions. The role of the organizations dealing with protection and rescue is to provide first aid and protection, as well as specific psychosocial support. Psychosocial assistance is a process of relieving the recovery of individuals, families and communities from the effects of dangers and plays a key role in interventions that involve vast numbers of affected population. When approaching a person, psychosocial assistance implies including two interacting dimensions: psychological (inner, emotional and thought processes, individual's feelings) and social (relationships with other people, social values and community culture). Furthermore, the third dimension implies the first rescuers. Stress can initiate the development of anxiety, occupational burnout, emotional exhaustion and other stress indicators in members of rescue teams. Bearing in mind the importance of psychosocial programs, their implementation in many projects is supported and it is suggested that psychosocial assistance become an integral part of the emergency response and public healthcare system.

Keywords

disaster; stress; health disorder; resistance; psychosocial assistance

References

*** (2007) IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings (Uputstva IASC o mentalnom zdravlju i psiho-socijalnoj pomoći). Geneva
Ajduković, M. (2000) Krizni događaji i kriza kao psihičko stanje. in: Arambašić L. [ed.] Psihološke krizne intervencije, Zagreb: Društvo za psihološku pomoć, 33-54
Birkmann, J., Buckle, P., Jaeger, J., Pelling, M., Setiadi, N., Garschagen, M., Fernando, N., Kropp, J. (2010) Extreme events and disasters: A window of opportunity for change? Analysis of organizational, institutional and political changes, formal and informal responses after mega-disasters. Natural Hazards, 55(3): 637-655
Bisson, J.I., Tavakoly, B., Witteveen, A.B., Ajdukovic, D., Jehel, L., Johansen, V.J., Nordanger, D., Garcia, F.O., Punamaki, R., Schnyder, U., Sezgin, U.A., Wittmann, L., Olff, M. (2010) TENTS guidelines: Development of post-disaster psychosocial care guidelines through a Delphi process. British Journal of Psychiatry, 196(1): 69-74
Brundtland, G.H. (2000) Mental health of refugees, internally displaced persons and other populations affected by conflict. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102(3): 159-161
CRED Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, NISDR United Nations Office For Disaster Risk Reduction (2016) Poverty & death: Disaster mortality. http://cred.be/sites/ default/files/CRED_Disaster_Mortality.pdf
Drobac, M. (2015) Evropske smjernice za psihosocijalno zbrinjavanje nakon velikih nesreća i katastrofa. in: Psihosocijalna podrška djeci i porodici nakon prirodnih katastrofa, Društvo psihologa Republike Srpske, 1-124
Guha-Sapir, D., Hoyois, P., Below, R. (2014) Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2013: The Numbers and Trends. Brussels: CRED
Herbert, R., Moline, J., Skloot, G., Metzger, K., Baron, S., Luft, B., Markowitz, S., Udasin, I., Harrison, D., Stein, D., Todd, A., Enright, P., Stellman, J.M., Landrigan, P.J., Levin, S.M. (2006) The World Trade Center Disaster and the Health of Workers: Five-Year Assessment of a Unique Medical Screening Program. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(12): 1853-1858
Hobfoll, S.E., Watson, P., Bell, C.C., Bryant, R.A., Brymer, M.J., Friedman, M.J., Friedman, M.J., Gersons, B.P.R., de Jong, J.T.V.M., Layne, C.M., Maguen, S., Neria, Y., Norwood, A.E., Pynoos, R.S. (2007) Five Essential Elements of Immediate and Mid-Term Mass Trauma Intervention: Empirical Evidence. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 70(4): 283-315
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2013) World Disasters Report 2013: Focus on Technology and the Future of Humanitarian Action. Geneva: IFRC
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2014) World Disasters Report 2014: Focus on Culture and Risk. Geneva: IFRC
Kordić, B., Babić, L. (2018) Psychoanalytic theory of trauma and application in the military environment. in: Pešić A. [ed.] Stressin military profession, Belgrade: University of defence - Faculty of Military Science - Strategic Research Institute, 195-207
Kozarić-Kovačić, D., Kovačić, Z., Rukavina, L. (2007) Medix, XIII(71): 102-106
Lazarus, R.S., Folkman, S. (1984) Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer
Lueger-Schuster, B. (2011) Psihološka prva pomoć nakon traumatizacije - radni materijali projekta TENTS-TP. Zagreb: Filozofski fakultet
Moline, J., Herbert, R., Nguyen, N. (2006) Health Consequences of the September 11 World Trade Center Attacks: A Review. Cancer Investigation, 24(3): 294-301
Noij, E.K. (2000) The public health consequences of disasters. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 15: 147-157
Norris, F.H., Elrod, C.L. (2006) Psychosocial consequences of disaster: A review of past research. in: Norris F.H., Galea S., Friedman M.J., Watson P.J. [ed.] Methods for disastermental health research, Guilford, New York
Quarantelli, L. (2006) Catastrophes are different from disasters: Some implications for crisis planning and managing drawn from Katrina. shttp://understandingkatrina.ssrc.org/Quarantelli
Reifels, L., Pietrantoni, L., Prati, G., Kim, Y., Kilpatrick, D.G., Dyb, G., Halpern, J., Olff, M., Brewin, C.R., o'Donnell Meaghan (2013) Lessons learned about psychosocial responses to disaster and mass trauma: An international perspective. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4(1): 22897-22897
Welle, T., Birkmann, J., Rhyner, J., Witting, M., Wolfertz, J. (2012) World Risk Index 2012: Concept, updating and results. in: Alliance Development Works, World Risk Report 2012, Berlin, 11-26
Zotović, M. (2002) Stres i posledice stresa - prikaz transakcionističkog teorijskog modela. Psihologija, vol. 35, br. 1-2, str. 3-23
Živković, S., Mlađan, D., Antonijević, S. (2017) Specifičnosti hitne psihološke pomoći u kriznim, vanrednim i ekstremnim situacijama. Bezbednost, Beograd, vol. 59, br. 3, str. 5-27