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2020, vol. 68, br. 4, str. 22-30
Istraživanje subjektivnih procena toplotne udobnosti poslovne odeće u toploj i blago hladnoj okolini
University of Primorska, Faculty of Design, Trzin, Slovenia

e-adresadamjana.celcar@fd.si
Ključne reči: toplotna udobnost; subjektivna procena; odeća; materiali koji menjaje faze (PCMs); životna sredina
Sažetak
Ovaj rad predstavlja studiju subjektivnih procena toplotne udobnosti pri nošenju poslovne odeće izrađene od konvencionalnih tekstila, poput vune i mešavina vune i tekstila u kombinaciji sa materijalima koji menjaju faze (PCMs), koji su sposobni da pruže odgovarajući termički fiziološki komfor. Procena toplotne udobnosti izvršena je na osnovu utvrđivanja subjektivnog osećaja toplotne udobnosti uz pomoć ispitanika u računarski kontrolisanoj klimatskoj komori, u veštački stvorenim toplim i blago hladnim uslovima okoline, na temperaturi od 25°C, 20°C, 15°C i 10°C. Uticaj određenih sistema poslovne odeće i raznovrsnih uslova okoline na subjektivni osečaj toplotnog komfora korisnika utrđen je upitnikom i skalom procene toplotne udobnosti definisanom standardom ISO 10551:1995. U tu svrhu izvedena je analiza subjektivne procene toplotne udobnosti, željenog toplotnog stanja, prihvatljivosti trenutne situacije i njihove lične tolerancije okoline pre, tokom i nakon svakog eksperimenta. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da subjektivne procene toplotne udobnosti direktno zavise od uslova okoline, kao i odevnih sistema i nivoa aktivnosti. Utvrđeno je da su se ispitanici najudobnije osećali u odabranoj poslovnoj odeći na temperaturi okoline od 20°C i 15°C. Iz rezultata je takođe vidljivo, da su se na temperaturi od 25°C osobe u odabranoj odeći osećale pomalo nelagodno, posebno tokom i nakon hodanja kada im je bilo vruće. Ispitanici su se osećali nelagodno i na temperaturi okoline od 10°C, kada im je bilo hladno ili malo hladno dok su nosili analizirane troslojne sisteme odeće bez dodatnog sloja odeće. To ukazuje na to, da je dodatni sloj odeće, poput kaputa, potreban za pružanje odgovarajuće toplotne udobnosti oko i ispod 10°C.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/tekstind2004022C
primljen: 12.10.2020.
prihvaćen: 10.11.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.01.2021.
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