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2020, vol. 52, br. 1-2, str. 73-87
Mentalno zdravlje izbeglica, tražilaca azila i migranta - izazovi i primeri dobre prakse
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet + Psychosocial Innovation Network, Belgrade

e-adresabpejuskovic@hotmail.com
Sažetak
U poslednjih nekoliko godina, broj izbeglica, migranata i tražilaca azila dramatično je porastao širom sveta. Srbija, kao glavna tranzitna zemlja, trenutno je domaćin za preko 6,000 novih tražilaca azila i izbeglica, za preko 26,200 izbeglica i 198,500 interno raseljenih lica iz regiona bivše Jugoslavije, kao i za 1,950 osoba pod rizikom od gubitka države. Migranti su često pod akutnim i hroničnim stresom. Mnogi od njih traumatizovani su u svojim domovinama i tokom puta, usled progona, nasilja, povreda ljudskim prava, i suočeni su sa stalnim stresorima u zemljama egzila. Obimna istraživanja pokazala su povećane stope i znatnu varijabilnost u prevalenciji kratkoročnih i dugoročnih problema mentalnog zdravlja među izbeglicama, tražiocima azila i migrantima. Najprevalentniji psihijatrijski poremećaji su depresija, anksioznost, prolongirano tugovanje, somatoformni poremećaji, psihoze, zloupotreba supstanci, kao i poremećaji specifično povezani sa stresom, posebno posttraumatski stresni poremećaj. Hitno je potrebno ponuditi sistematične i održive solucije za zaštitu mentalnog zdravlja, kako bi se smanjili sa traumom povezani problemi mentalnog zdravlja i prevenirale dogoročne posledice. Multisektorni, na dokazima zasnovan, multidisciplinarni pristup, prepoznat je kao krucijalni u prepoznavanju potreba ovih populacija i omogućavanju adekvatne zaštite njihovog mentalnog zdravlja i psihosocijalnog blagostanja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: članak
DOI: 10.5937/PsihDan2001073P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.03.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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