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2022, vol. 17, br. 1, str. 219-236
Analiza ekonomskih performansi i konkurentnosti zemalja Evropske unije
aMinistry of Education, Science and Sport, Ljubljana, Slovenia
bUniversity of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Koper, Slovenia

e-adresastefan.bojnec@fm-kp.si
Ključne reči: trgovinska otvorenost; udeo na izvoznom tržištu; nivo ekonomskog razvoja; globalna konkurentnost; Evropska unija
Sažetak
Osnovna svrha ove studije je da identifikuje dinamiku ekonomskih performansi i konkurentnosti u zemljama Evropske unije (EU-28) i njihove konvergencije u dva perioda, 2008-2015 i 2015-2019. Komparativna analiza se koristi za odgovor na istraživačko pitanje uz primenjenu hijerarhijsku klaster analizu, Vordovu metodu i t-test za testiranje postavljene hipoteze. Korišćeni su podaci Evrostata (Eurostat) i Svetskog ekonomskog foruma (World Economic Forum) za period 2008-2019. Empirijski rezultati su potvrdili našu hipotezu da postoje konvergencije u ključnim pokazateljima otvorenosti trgovine, izvoza kao % bruto domaćeg proizvoda (BDP), tržišnih udela kao % u svetskoj trgovini, BDP po glavi stanovnika i globalnog indeksa konkurentnosti. Studija doprinosi empirijskoj analizi postojanja konvergencija u grupi indikatora ekonomskog učinka, trgovinske otvorenosti i globalne konkurentnosti zemalja EU-28. Formirani su zajednički klasteri, a postavljena hipoteza je testirana u pogledu konvergencije zemalja EU-28 pomoću hijerarhijske klaster analize. Otvorenost trgovine i učešće izvoznog tržišta u svetskoj trgovini, kao i konkurentnost zemalja EU-28 važni su za trgovinske politike koje unapređuju globalnu konkurentnost i poboljšavaju konvergencije u heterogenosti među zemljama EU.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/sjm17-31944
primljen: 21.04.2021.
prihvaćen: 08.03.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.04.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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