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2019, vol. 64, br. 1, str. 53-68
Morfo-genetska varijabilnost kod genotipova vigne F 2 generacije potomstva tolerantnih na vignin žižak (Callosobruchus maculatus)
aUniversity of Lagos, Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Akoka, Nigeria
bObafemi Awolowo University, Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Ibadan, Nigeria
cUniversity of Lagos, Department of Botany, Akoka, Nigeria

e-adresaoluwafemiamusa@yahoo.com
Projekat:
Central Research Committee, University of Lagos for providing funds (CRC No. 2013/04) for the study, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan (IITA), Nigeria

Ključne reči: Callosobruchus; vigne; varijabilnost; osetljivost; otpornost; morfologija
Sažetak
Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. predstavlja najveću pretnju proizvodnji vigne, smanjujući kvalitet, količinu i tržišnu vrednost zrna. Metoda jeftine i jednostavne identifikacije bila bi dragoceno sredstvo u identifikaciji i oplemenjivanju otpornih genotipova u obimnoj germplazmi vigne. Stoga, svrha ovog istraživanja bila je da se identifikuje i proceni genetika osobina vigne između biljnih genotipova otpornih i osetljivih na C. maculatus. Kontrastne kvalitativne i kvantitativne osobine kod otpornih i osetljivih roditelja na C. maculatus procenjene su kod 72 biljke vigne F 2 generacije potomstva. Heritabilnost, segregacija i asocijativnost ispitivanih osobina sa performansama genotipova vigne F 2 generacije otpornim na C. maculatus su ocenjeni, kako bi se odredile blisko povezane osobine sa otpronošću na C. maculatus. Rezultati istraživanja pokazali su visoku heritabilnost za sve kvantitativne osobine vigne, osim dužine peteljke lista. Mendelevsko i ne-Mendelevsko nasleđivanje primećeno je među kvalitativnim osobinama. Međutim, asocijativna procena između osobina vigne i prosečnog perioda razvoja bruhide, procenta pojave odraslih jedinki i sklonosti ovipoziciji bila je slaba (r <0,5) i nije bila značajna (p <0,05). Ovo ukazuje na to da se otpornost prema C. maculatus kod vigne može pripisati faktorima, koji se ne odnose na morfološke varijacije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS1901053A
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.05.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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