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2021, vol. 70, br. 1, str. 86-101
Skrining novih izvora gena "Hordeum vulgare" za adaptivno oplemenjivanje u bazenu Aralskog mora, u Kazahstanu radi diverzifikacije poljoprivrede
aKorkyt Ata Kyzyl-Orda State University, Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan
bAgricultural Institute of the Republic of Srpska, Agro-ecology Department, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresabibi64@inbox.ru
Ključne reči: ječam; svetska kolekcija; faze razvoja biljaka; varijabilnost; oplemenjivanje; prinos
Sažetak
Specifičnost zemljišta i klimatskih uslova regiona Aralskog mora, Kazahstan, prvenstveno povezanih sa salinizacijom, raznim vrstama suša, neravnomernom raspodelom padavina tokom vegetacije i kasnim prolećnim mrazevima, nameću potrebu za stvaranje novih sorti useva otpornih na biotičke i abiotčke faktore životne sredine. S tim u vezi, širenje površine pod usevima netradicionalnih useva žitarica tolerantnih na salinitet u regionu Kizilorda jedan je od glavnih pravaca povećanja održivosti poljoprivrede u regionu. Studije su pokazale da je među žitaricama koje se gaje u regionu, prolećni ječam (Hordeum vulgare L.) odgovarajuća kultura koja može maksimalno da iskoristiti bioklimatske resurse u regionu da bi stvorila održive prinose. Svrha ove studije je bila da se formira novi perspektivni izvorni materijal ječma zasnovan na sveobuhvatnom proučavanju sakupljenog materijala različitog ekološkog i geografskog porekla, primenom različitih metoda klasične selekcije. Na osnovu sveobuhvatne procene Kolekcije materijala ječma formirana je radna kolekcija od 250 sorti sa agronomskom otpornošću na faktore stresa u okruženju Aralskog mora. Selektovani uzorci se preporučuju za upotrebu u praktičnom oplemenjivanju radi povećanja adaptivnog potencijala savremenih sorti ječma.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ZemBilj2101086T
primljen: 11.02.2021.
revidiran: 01.03.2021.
prihvaćen: 30.03.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 17.09.2021.
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