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2009, vol. 9, iss. 3, pp. 174-178
Capnography: Successful resuscitation indicator
Služba za hitnu medicinsku pomoć, Dom Zdravlja, Subotica
Keywords: capnography; intubated patients; ventillation; spontaneous circulation; recovery
Capnography is non-invasive method which provides an objective prsentation of the ventillation, numerical estimation, end tidal of carbon dioxide and wave-form breathing. Pulse oximetry was a forerunner of capnography. Pulse oximetry is oxygenitation measurement whereas capnography is ventillation measurement. Currently it is used both in intubated and non-intubated patients. In intubated patients there is adequately verified endotracheal tubus, continually following tubus position and examining heart compression adequacy in CPR, which is the initial indicator of resuming of spontaneous circulation together with monitoring of low-level perfusion status. In non-intubated patients it serves as the measurement of hyper hypoventillation for detecting apnee and inadequate breathing as well as for estimation of asthma and chronic obstructive diseases.
Badgwell, J.M., Kleinman, S.E., Heavner, J.E. (1993) Respiratory frequency and artifact affect the capnographic baseline in infants. Anesth Analg, 77(4): 708-12
Bhavani-Shankar, K., Moseley, H., Kumar, A.Y., Delph, Y. (1992) Capnometry and anaesthesia. Can J Anaesth, 39(6): 617-32
Bhvani-Shankar, K., Kumar, A.Y., Mosley, H.S.L., Hallsworth, R.A. (1995) Terminology and the current limitations of time capnography: A brief review. Journal of Clinical Monitoring, 11(3): 175
Kumar, A.Y., Bhavani, K., Moseley, H.S., Delph, Y. (1992) Inspiratory valve malfunction in a circle system: Pitfalls in capnography. Can J Anaesth, 39(9): 997-9
Podraza, A.G., Salem, M.R., Joseph, N.J., Brencley, J.L. (1991) Rebreathing due to incompetent unidirectional valves in the circle absorber system. Anesthesiology, 75(supplement): A422


article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published in SCIndeks: 16/02/2010

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