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2020, vol. 70, iss. 1, pp. 7-16
Overview, analysis and research of the possibilities of application of new technologies in the process of demilitarization of the explosive ordnance
aUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering
bUniversity of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade
Keywords: explosive ordnance; demilitarization; water jet; explosive safety; environment
The classic methods of demilitarization of ordnance are high-risk operations, primarily for working personnel and operators, and then for the entire pyrotechnic security system. In addition to the security factors, high level of adverse effects of conventional demilitarization practices emits on the environment. Classical demilitarization procedures greatly limit the disassembly of ordnance due to outdated technology, so a large number of items are removed by the destruction process. The methods of destroying ordnance from the aspect of eco-system protection are completely unacceptable. The development and deployment of new technologies that are widespread in other fields today is an opportunity to solve key problems. In the field of unconventional processing procedures, water jet based technologies, which represent non-thermal methods, do not lead to thermal changes of the material during the process. An important factor in these technologies is that they are, as such, fully developed and known, with all the influencing factors that can be varied. For the application of this technology for the purposes of deliberation, existing systems need to be modified and aligned with the requirements of the deliberation process. Analyzing and reviewing existing research in the world, there is a trend towards the adoption of new and environmentally friendly technologies. With the development of new technologies, the assortment of ordnance has been expanded, reducing the need for destruction of these assets significantly. The main goal of this paper is to look at all influential factors that are critical in the process of disassembly using classical methods. Based on the identified critical factors in the area of classic deliberation processes, it is necessary to consider the possibility of applying new technologies in order to modernize the deliberation process and, above all, to make it safe and environmentally friendly.
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article language: English
document type: unclassified
DOI: 10.5937/str2001007D
received: 25/02/2020
accepted: 05/05/2020
published in SCIndeks: 06/04/2021
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