Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:2
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:0

Sadržaj

članak: 2 od 3  
Back povratak na rezultate
2021, vol. 37, br. 1, str. 27-43
Potrošnja vode u okviru sistema za proizvodnju mleka u polusušnim ravnicama severne Afrike
aUniversity of Mascara, Department of Agriculture Sciences, Mascara, Algeria + University of Mascara, Laboratory of Geo-sciences and Sustainable Development, Mascara, Algeria
bUniversity of Mascara, Laboratory of Geo-sciences and Sustainable Development, Mascara, Algeria
cUniversity of Mostaganem, Department of Animal Science, Mostaganem, Algeria

e-adresahouariyerou@gmail.com
Ključne reči: farme za proizvodnju mleka; prinos mleka; produktivnost vode; potrošnja vode; polu-sušno zemljište
Sažetak
Vodni resursi postaju oskudni i moraju se sačuvati. Značajna upotreba vode povezana je sa poljoprivredom uopšte, a posebno sa stočarstvom. Vrlo malo istraživanja u polusušnim regionima je bilo posvec'eno proceni doprinosa preživara u nedostatku vode. Ovaj rad ispituje veze između uzgoja krava za proizvodnju mleka i različitih vodenih resursa dostupnih u ekosistemu sa klimatskim ograničenjima. Da bi zadovoljili buduc'u potražnju za hranom, uz održivo upravljanje raspoloživim zemljišnim i vodnim resursima, farme za proizvodnju mleka u polusušnim regionima moraju se prilagoditi na klimatske i socijalnoekonomske promene. U ovom istraživanju fokusiramo se na region južnog Mediterana kako bismo analizirali ključne faktore koji utiču na produktivnost vode u mlekarstvu, posebno u kontekstu koji karakteriše nestašica vode. Da bi se okarakterisao odnos između uzgoja mlečnih goveda i vodenih resursa, sproveden je monitoring 40 objekata za držanje krava za proizvodnju mleka, u polusušnom regionu. Procenjeni su tehnički i ekonomski parametri svake farme: upotreba vode prema njihovom poreklu u proizvodnji stočne hrane po izvorima, količina sveže vode koja se koristi za proizvodnju proizvoda, mereno na farmi, ukupna krmna biomasa, sistem hranjenja na farmama i postignute proizvodne performanse. Analiza podataka pokazuje da se produktivnost krme u suvoj materiji razlikuje između ova dva sistema sa vrednostima reda od 12520 do 17188 kg/ha (p<0,05), respektivno za ekstenzivne i intenzivne sisteme. Prinos mleka po kravi nije premašio prosečnu vrednost od 3680 kg (od 3240 do 4120 kg). Srednja bruto marža po kilogramu mleka bila je niska, ne prelazec'i 0,13 €. Značajan uticaj (p<0,05) vrednosti upotrebe/potrošnje vode između dva sistema na farmama za proizodnju mleka - prosečna vrednost od oko 2,05 m3/kg mleka (raspon od 1,96 do 2, 15 za intenzivna i ekstenzivna gazdinstva). Doprinos kiša procenjuje se na 57%, a ostatak predstavlja učešc'e navodnjavanja i virtuelne vode (količina sveže vode koja se koristi za proizvodnju proizvoda, mereno na mestu gde je proizvod stvarno proizveden) sa 18%, odnosno 25%. Potrebno je preduzeti neophodne korake tokom procesa proizvodnje mleka kako bi se poboljšala produktivnost vode za proizvodnju krme i mleka koja u velikoj meri zavisi od godišnjih padavina i u manjoj meri, od podzemnih voda.
Reference
Abdelguerfi, A., Laouar, M., Bouzina, M. (2008) Les productions fourragères et pastorales en Algérie: Situation et 15 Possibilités d'Amélioration. Revue Semestrielle 'Agriculture & développement'' (INVA, Alger), janvier, n°6: 14-25
Allan, J.A. (1998) Virtual water: A strategic resource global solutions to regional deficits. Ground Water, 36(4): 545-546
Arbouche, Y., Arbouche, H.S., Arbouche, F., Arbouche, R. (2009) Effets du stade phénologique des prairies permanentes forestières du Nord Est Algérien sur leur production et leur valeur nutritive. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 21, 7. www.lrrd.org/lrrd21/7/arbo21115.htm
Armstrong, D.P. (2004) Water-use efficiency and profitability on an irrigated dairy farm in Northern Victoria: A case study. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 44: 137-144
Arreola, V., Kebreab, D., France, E., J. (2006) Modeling small-scale dairy farms in Central Mexico using multi-criteria programming. Journal of Dairy Science, 89: 1662-1672
Belhadia, M.A. (2016) Stratégie des producteurs laitiers et redéploiement de la filière lait, dans les plaines du Haut Cheliff. Formaliser l'informel. Thèse Doctorat Es-Sciences Agronomiques. ENSA-Algeria
Bouazzama, B., Xanthoulis, D., Bouaziz, A., Ruelle, P., Mailhol, J.C. (2012) Effect of water stress on growth, water consumption and yield of silage maize under flood irrigation in a semi-arid climate of Tadla (Morocco). Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Agronomie, 16, 468-477
Cardot, V., Le, R.Y., Jurjanz, S. (2008) Drinking behavior of lactating Dairy cows and prediction of their water intake. Journal of Dairy Science, 91(6): 2257-2264
Daccache, A., Ciurana, J.S., Rodriguez, D.J.A., Knox, J.W. (2014) Water and energy footprint of irrigated agriculture in the Mediterranean region. Environmental Research Letter, 9
Deutsch, L., Falkenmark, M., Gordon, L., Rockström, J., Folke, C. (2010) Water mediated ecological consequences of intensification and expansion of livestock production. u: Steinfeld, H.; Mooney, H.A.; Schneider, F.; Neville, L. [ur.] E Livestock in a changing landscape, Washington DC, USA, pp 97-111
Doreau, M., Corson, M.S., Wiedemann, S.G. (2012) Water use by livestock: A global perspective for a regional issue?. Animal Frontiers, 2(2): 9-16
Ercin, A., Aldaya, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products. Ecological Indicators, 18: 392-402
Fader, M., Shi, S., von Bloh, W., Bondeau, A., Cramer, W. (2016) Mediterranean irrigation under climate change: More efficient irrigation needed to compensate for increases in irrigation water requirements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20(2): 953-973
FAO (2016) Area equipped for irrigation and percentage of cultivated land. http://www.fao.org/nr/waterWorldData-Irrigation/eng.pdf
Gaudino, S., Goia, I., Grignani, C., Monaco, S., Sacco, D. (2014) Assessing agro-environmental performance of dairy farms in northwest Italy based on aggregated results from indicators. Journal of Environmental Management, 140: 120-134
Gauly, M., Bollwein, H., Breves, G., Brügemann, K., Dänicke, S., Daş, G., Demeler, J., Hansen, H., Isselstein, J., König, S., Lohölter, M., Martinsohn, M., Meyer, U., Potthoff, M., Sanker, C., Schröder, B., Wrage, N., Meibaum, B., von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G. (2013) Future consequences and challenges for dairy cow production systems arising from climate change in Central Europe: A review. Animal, 7(5): 843-859
Ghozlane, F., Bousbia, A., Benyoucef, M.T., Yakhlef, H. (2009) Impact technico-économique du rapport concentré/fourrage sur la production laitière bovine: Cas des exploitations de Constantine. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 21(6)
Giorgi, F., Lionello, P. (2008) Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region. Globe planet Chang, 63(2-3): 90-104
Hoekstra, A., Hung, P. (2002) Virtual water trade: A quantification of virtual water flows between nations and relation to international crop trade. u: Value of water research report series, Delft, Netherlands: UNESCO-IHE, br. 11
Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. (2007) Water footprints of nations: Water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern. Water Resources Management, 21(1): 35-48
Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The hidden water resource use behind meat and dairy. Animal Frontiers, 2(2): 3-8
Holter, J.B., Urban, W.E. (1992) Water partitioning and intake prediction in dry and lactating Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci, 75(6): 1472-9
Iglesias, A., Garrote, L. (2015) Adaptation strategies for agricultural water management under climate change in Europe. Agricultural Water Manage, 155: 113-124
Iglesias, A., Garrote, L., Diz, A., Schlickenrieder, J., Martin-Carrasco, F. (2011) Re-thinking water policy priorities in the Mediterranean region in view of climate change. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(7): 744-757
Iglesias, A., Mougou, R., Moneo, M., Quiroga, S. (2011) Towards adaptation of agriculture to climate change in the Mediterranean. Regional Environmental Change, 11(S1): 159-166
Iglesias, A., Garrote, L., Flores, F., Moneo, M. (2007) Challenges to manage the risk of water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean. Water Resources Management, 21(5): 775-788
INRA (2007) Alimentation des bovins, ovins et caprins: Besoins des animaux-valeurs des aliments. Paris, France: Éditions Quae, 307 p
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) Mitigation. u: Metz, B.; Davidson, O.R.; Bosch, P.R.; Dave, R.; Meyer, L.A. [ur.] Contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, Cambridge, United Kingdom-New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press
IPCC (2014) Intergovernmental panel on climate change: Summary for policy makers. Cambridge, United Kingdom-New York, USA: University Press
Kadi, S.A., Djellal, F., Berchiche, M. (2007) Caractérisation de la conduite alimentaire des vaches laitières dans la région de Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 19 (4), 12 . www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/7/taye27128
Khelil, H., Boudon, A., Maxin, G., Faverdin, P. (2012) Prediction of water intake and excretion flows in Holstein dairy cows under thermo neutral conditions. Anime Consortium
Kuper, M., Faysse, N., Hammani, A., Hartani, T., Marlet, S., Hamamouche, M.F., Ameur, F. (2015) Liberation or anarchy?: The Janus nature of groundwater use on North Africa's new irrigation frontiers. u: Jakeman, T.; Barreteau, O.; Hunt, R.; Rinaudo, J.-D.; Ross, A. [ur.] Integrated groundwater management, Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer International Publishing, Chapter 19, in press
Le, G.P.Y., Kuper, M., Moulin, C.H., Sraïri, M.T., Rhouma, M. (2009) Linking water saving and productivity to agro-food supply chains: A synthesis from two North African cases. Irrigation and Drainage, 58(S3): S320-S333
Lebacq, T., Baret, P.V., Stilmant, D. (2013) Sustainability indicators for livestock farming: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33(2): 311-327
Martin, R.C., Astatkie, T., Cooper, J.M., Fredeen, A.H. (2005) A comparison of methods used to determine biomass on naturalized swards. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 191(2): 152-160
Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products. Ecosystems, 15(3): 401-415
Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Four billion people facing severe water scarcity. Science Advances, 2(2): e1500323
Meul, M., van Passel, S., Fremaut, D., Haesaert, G. (2012) Higher sustainability performance of intensive grazing versus zero-grazing dairy systems. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32(3): 629-638
Meyer, U., Everinghoff, M., Gädeken, D., Flachowsky, G. (2004) Investigations on the water intake of lactating dairy cows. Livestock Production Science, 90, 117-121
Montazar, A., Sadeghi, M. (2008) Effects of applied water and sprinkler irrigation uniformity on alfalfa growth and hay yield. Agricultural Water Management, 95(11): 1279-1287
Murphy, M.R., Davis, C.L., McCoy, G.C. (1983) Factors affecting water consumption by Holstein cows in early lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, 66(1): 35-38
Rockström, J., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., Hoff, H., Rost, S., Gerten, D. (2009) Future water availability for global food production: The potential of green water for increasing resilience to global change. Water Resources Research, 45, 12-16
Schilling, J., Freier, K.P., Hertig, E., Scheffran, J. (2012) Climate change, vulnerability and adaptation in North Africa with focus on Morocco. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 156: 12-26
Schlink, A.C., Nguyen, M.L., Viljoen, G.J. (2010) Water requirements for livestock production: A global perspective. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, 29(3): 603-619
Sharma, B., Molden, D., Cook, S. (2015) Water use efficiency in agriculture: Measurement, current situation and trends. u: Drechsel, P.; Heffer, P. ; Magen, H.; Mikkelsen, R.; Wichelns, D. [ur.] Managing water and fertilizer for sustainable agricultural intensification. International Fertilizer Industry Association, Paris, France; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute
Sraïri, M.T., Rjafallah, M., Kuper, M., Le, G.P.Y. (2009) Water productivity of dual purpose herds (milk and meat) production in a Moroccan large-scale irrigated scheme. Irrigation and Drainage, 58: 334-345
Sraïri, M.T., Sannito, Y., Tourrand, J.F. (2015) Investigating the setbacks in conventional dairy farms by the follow-up of their potential and effective milk yields. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 5: 255-264
Sraïri, M.T., Benjelloun, R., Karrou, M., Ates, S., Kuper, M. (2016) Biophysical and economic water productivity of dual-purpose cattle farming. Animal, 10(2): 283-291
Stientje, K.H., Žiga, M. (2019) Adaptations in irrigated agriculture in the Mediterranean region: An overview and spatial analysis of implemented strategies. Regional Environmental Change, 19: 1401-1416
Sultana, M.N., Uddin, M.M., Ridoutt, B.G., Peters, K.J. (2014) Comparison of water use in global milk production for different typical farms. Agricultural Systems, 129: 9-21
UNITED NATIONS (2017) The United Nations world water development report 2017: Wastewater: The untapped resource: Facts and figures. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/ 002475/247553e.pdf. Accessed 12 March 2018
Wada, Y., van Beek, L.P.H., Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012) Nonsustainable groundwater sustaining irrigation: A global assessment. Water Resources Research, 48(6): 18-18
Yerou, H., Homrani, A., Benhanassali, A., Boussedra, D. (2019) Typological assessment of dairy farms systems in semi-arid Mediterranean region of western Algeria. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, vol. 35, br. 4, str. 335-346
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH2101027Y
primljen: 11.06.2020.
prihvaćen: 10.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.04.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci