Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:4
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:2

Sadržaj

članak: 3 od 3  
Back povratak na rezultate
2018, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 185-194
'Vodni otisak' u poljoprivredi i virtuelna trgovina vodom - da li Srbija izvozi ili uvozi vodu?
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresasruzica@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ocena uticaja klimatskih promena na vodne resurse Srbije (MPNTR - 37005)
Teorija i primena Analitičkog hijerarhijskog procesa (AHP) za višekriterijumsko odlučivanje u uslovima rizika i neizvesnosti (individualni i grupni kontekst) (MPNTR - 174003)

Ključne reči: specifična potrošnja vode; virtuelna trgovina vodom; poljoprivredni proizvodi; produktivnost vode
Sažetak
Ograničeni vodni resursi, rastući zahtevi za vodom i sve nepovoljniji klimatski uslovi doveli su do razvoja novih koncepata, sa ciljem procene potražnje i potrošnje vode na lokalnom i globalnom nivou. Koncepti koji se u novije vreme koriste pri rešavanju ovakvih problema su 'vodni otisak' i 'virtuelna trgovina vodom'. Ciljevi ovog rada su: (1) da se odrede specifični zahtevi za vodom najvažnijih poljoprivrednih proizvoda u procesu međunarodne trgovine Srbije, (2) da se oceni mogućnost povećanja produktivnosti vode pri proizvodnji tih proizvoda i (3) da se proceni održivost vodnih resursa Srbije, na osnovu odnosa vode koju Srbija uvozi/izvozi tokom 'virtuelne trgovine vodom'. Izračunavanjem specifične potrošnje vode za pšenicu, kukuruz, suncokret, šećernu repu i soju i poređenjem sa specifičnom potrošnjom vode ovih kultura u drugim zemljama, utvrđeno je da postoji prostor da se unapredi korišćenje vode, npr. podešavanjem sortimenta ili promenama u tehnologiji gajenja. Na osnovu odnosa izračunatih izvezenih i uvezenih virtuelnih količina vode za period 1995-1999. godine i 2010-2013. godine, može se zaključiti Srbija izvozi više vode nego što uvozi. Čak i sa dodatnim porastom izvoza poljoprivrednih proizvoda neće doći do narušavanja vodne održivosti Srbije.
Reference
Aldaya, M.M., Martínez-Santos, P., Llamas, M. R. (2010) Incorporating the Water Footprint and Virtual Water into Policy: Reflections from the Mancha Occidental Region, Spain. Water Resources Management, 24(5): 941-958
Allan, J.A. (1993) Fortunately there are substitutes for water otherwise our hydro-political futures would be impossible. u: Priorities for water resources allocation and management, London: ODA, 13-26
Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2004) Water footprints of nations. Retrieved decembar 2017 fromhttps://research.utwente.nl/en/publications/water-footprints-of-nations
Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in the Netherlands. Ecological Economics, 64(1): 109-118
Chouchane, H., Krol, M.S., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Virtual water trade patterns in relation to environmental and socioeconomic factors: A case study for Tunisia. Science of The Total Environment, 613-614: 287-297
Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A. Y., van der Meer, T. H. (2009) The water footprint of bioenergy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(25): 10219-10223
Hoekstra, A., Hung, P. (2002) Virtual water trade: A quantification of virtual water flows between nations and relation to international crop trade. u: HIE Research Report, Delft, br. 11
Hoekstra, A., Chapagain, A., Aldaya, M., Mekonnen, M. (2011) The water footprint assessment manual: Setting the global standard. London: Earthscan
Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. (2006) Water footprints of nations: Water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern. Water Resources Management, 21(1): 35-48
Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Retrieved decembar 2017 fromhttps://research.utwente.nl/en/publications/the-green-blue-and-grey-water-footprint-ofcrops-and-derived-crop
Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A Global Assessment of the Water Footprint of Farm Animal Products. Ecosystems, 15(3): 401-415
Ridoutt, B.G., Sanguansri, P., Nolan, M., Marks, N. (2012) Meat consumption and water scarcity: beware of generalizations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 28: 127-133
Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The Added Value of Water Footprint Assessment for National Water Policy: A Case Study for Morocco. PLoS One, 9(6): e99705
Srdjevic, B., Srdjevic, Z., Altobelli, F., Nejedlik, P., Stricevic, R., Blagojević, B. (2016) Impact of surface reservoir control in hazard conditions on computing water footprint for fruit orchards. u: EURO-AGRIWAT conference 'Water Footprint of agricultural products: Progress, challenges and solutions', Wageningen, The Netherlands, 66
Stricevic, R., Srdjevic, Z., Dallamarta, A., Vujadinovic-Mandic, M., Djurovic, N., Cosic, M. (2016) Assessing the water footprint of apple orchards in Serbia to identify sustainable management options under present and future climate. u: Final EURO-AGRIWAT conference Water Footprint of agricultural products: Progress, challenges and solutions, Wageningen Book of abstract, 62
Stričević, R., Srđević, Z., Vujadinović-Mandić, M., Srđević, B. (2017) Održivo upravljanje vodnim resursima i water footprint koncept - primer primene u voćarstvu. Vodoprivreda, vol. 49, br. 4-6, str. 183-190
Yang, H., Wang, L., Abbaspour, K. C., Zehnder, A. J. B. (2006) Virtual water highway: water use efficiency in global food trade. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 3(1): 1-26
Zhang, G.P., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mathews, R.E. (2013) Water Footprint Assessment (WFA) for better water governance and sustainable development. Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 1-6
Zonderland-Thomassen, M.A., Ledgard, S.F. (2012) Water footprinting - A comparison of methods using New Zealand dairy farming as a case study. Agricultural Systems, 110: 30-40
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS1802185S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.08.2018.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0