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2016, vol. 47, br. 2, str. 125-130
Uticaj zagađenja vazduha na obolijevanje stanovnika Republike Srpske
aKlinički centar Republike Srpske, Klinika za unutrašnje bolesti, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, BiH
bUniverzitet u Banjoj Luci, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresaandrejafigurek@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: zagađenje vazduha; obolijevanje; čestice
Sažetak
Uvod: Zagađenje vazduha nastaje zbog emisije štetnih gasova i čestica koji su rezultat uglavnom ljudskih aktivnosti, ali i emisije iz prirodnih izvora. Cilj rada: Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispitaju najčešći zagađivači vazduha u Republici Srpskoj i njihov uticaj na zdravlje stanovništva, kao i poređenje dobijenih rezultata sa evropskim i svjetskim podacima. Ispitanici i metode: Koristili smo deskriptivni studijski pristup za analizu zdravlja stanovništva u Republici Srpskoj. Podaci su dobijeni iz izvještaja Instituta za javno zdravstvo Republike Srpske za period od pet godina. Rezultati: Stanovništvo Republike Srpske najčešće obolijeva od kardiovaskularnih bolesti, a zatim od neoplazmi. Najčešći zagađivači vazduha u Republici Srpskoj su: sekundarne čestice, azotni oksidi, ozon, sumpor dioksid, policiklični aromatični ugljovodonici, benzen, 1,3-butadien, ugljen-monoksid i olovo. Zaključak: Imajući u vidu patofiziološke mehanizme kojima zagađen vazduh učestvuje u nastanku i pogoršanju kardiovaskularnih, respiratornih, malignih i drugih oboljenja, kao i njihovu zastupljenost u našoj populaciji, može se povući paralela između kvaliteta vazduha u Republici Srpskoj i trenda obolijevanja njenog stanovništva.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.18575/msrs.sm.e.16.21
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.02.2019.