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2014, vol. 55, iss. 2, pp. 148-155
Changes in the quality of goat meat in the production of smoked ham
aScientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Serbia
Implementation of new biotechnological solution in breeding of cattle, sheep and goats for the purpose of obtaining biologically valuable and safe food (MESTD - 31053)

The quality of fresh goat meat can be defined strictly in terms of physical and chemical properties, or in terms of consumer perception. In Serbia, there is not enough information about the quality of goat meat and goat meat products, such as smoked ham. The aim of this study was to determine differences in the basic chemical composition, colour, fatty acids composition, volatile compounds in fresh meat and smoked ham (musculus gluteus superficialis). The meat was obtained from the population of Serbian White goat, five or six years old. ISO methods were implemented in order to determine the quality of these parameters. Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was determined between values of protein, fat, moisture, ash, pH value, fatty acids and volatile compounds determined in fresh meat and finished product (smoked ham). It is assumed that the complex chemical and biochemical processes occurring during production (growing, curing, smoking, drying) resulted in statistically significant differences between the quality parameters in fresh meat and smoked ham. There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between the values of capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, pentadecenoic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, heptadecanoic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, arachidic acid and gadoleic acid identified in the thigh meat prepared for curing and smoking in compared to value of the fatty acids identified in the final product (smoked ham).
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/tehmesa1402148I
published in SCIndeks: 09/01/2015

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