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2008, vol. 56, br. 2, str. 25-46
Postoje li kolektivna prava? - II deo
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Pravni fakultet, Srbija
Ključne reči: vršenje prava; uže klase subjekata; zastupanje; individualna prava; test proporcionalnosti
Sažetak
U nastojanju da ponudi prolegomenu za jednu sveobuhvatnu pravnu teoriju kolektivnih prava, autor razmatra nekoliko najvažnijih problema. Prvi od njih se odnosi na kriterijume za definisanja kolektivnih prava. Autor za­stupa tezu da ono što prevashodno određuje prirodu kolektivnog prava nije način vršenja prava, već pre karakter samog titulara, odnosno kolektiviteta, koji se razlikuje i od fizičkih i od pravnih lica. Zatim, autor upozorava da ne treba mešati kolektivitete sa užim klasama subjekata čiji je pravni status u pravnom poretku regulisan delimično opštim normama. Kada je reč o zastupanju kolektiviteta, autor smatra da rešenje treba tražiti u stvaranju posebnog predstavničkog tela kolektiviteta, aktom javnog prava, čiji bi personalni sastav birali sâmi njegovi članovi, kako bi interesi tog kolektiviteta na što autentičniji i reprezentativniji način bili predstavljeni. Najzad, autor dopušta mogućnost da se kolektivnim pravima ponekad ograničavaju i individualna prava pripadnika kolektiviteta. No, smatra, prvo, da u liberalno-demokratskom društvu moraju postojati određena osnovna indiviudalna prava koja su nenapadiva i, drugo, da je ograničavanje onih prava koja to nisu legitimno samo onda kada kolektivitet može da dokaže postojanje pretežnog interesa i da se postizanje tog interesa ne može postići nekim manje restriktivnim sredstvima.
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jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.03.2009.

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