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2013, vol. 65, iss. 4, pp. 291-314
Leadership and genders
University of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade
Keywords: leadership; authority; power; genders; 'glass ceiling'
Abstract
General belief prevailing worldwide is that the leadership is a key for the efficiency of an organization, politics, sports, and other human activities. The first more serious studies of leadership emerged late in 1930s through the affirmation of the movement of 'interpersonal relations'. Early in 1970s, there emerged a growing interest in the issue of genders and leadership, making a turn in believing that women are inferior to men when it comes to leadership positions. Until then, researchers had been largely uninterested in scientific assumptions about gender equality in leadership. An increasing number of women in leadership positions and in science incited the interest of scientists for this issue. Today, a growing number of women can serve as examples of very effective leaders in many areas. The paper explains the concept and factors of leadership, and a leader's authority and power. It notes differences in the leadership styles between men and women. It analyzes the barriers that prevent women to climb to the elite leadership positions, and indicates the gender stereotypes that are very widespread.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 20/03/2014