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2013, vol. 67, br. 1, str. 1-17
Prikladnost i ograničenja upotrebe metoda faktorske analize u psihologiji i kineziologiji - 2. deo
aSveučilište u Splitu, Kineziološki fakultet, Split, Hrvatska
bSveučilište u Zagrebu, Prirodoslovno matematički fakultet, Zagreb, Hrvatska

e-adresavictoriabioche@net.hr
Ključne reči: faktorska analiza; paradigma; uzorak; višeznačnost rezultata; matematički problemi
Sažetak
Tehnike strukturalnog modelovanja i korišćenje modela koji ekstrahuju latentne varijable danas su dominantne tehnike primenjenih multivarijatnih statističkih postupaka u društvenim naukama. Smatramo kako korelaciona istraživanja mogu omogućiti adekvatne istraživačke nalaze ako su potpomognuta logičkom analizom ili postupcima kauzalnog modelovanja. Važno je istaći da same metode faktorske analize (FA) ne odgovaraju na pitanje zašto varijable kovariraju, kao i da konačni rezultat faktorsko-analitičkog istraživanja delimično zavisi od odluka i tumačenja naučnika/ istraživača. U radu se raspravlja o pitanju minimalne veličine uzorka u FA, o višeznačnosti rezultata dobijenih FA, te o matematičkim problemima pri korišćenju metoda FA. Nadalje, analiziran je uticaj FA podataka dobijenih eksperimentima na naučne paradigme, te su naglašeni aktuelni problemi pri njenom korišćenju u istraživanjima u društvenim naukama. Ni jedna metoda, pa tako ni faktorska analiza nije dovoljna za odgovore na sva problemska pitanja u polju psihologije i kinezologije. Zbog toga je potrebno u istraživanju kombinovati međusobno nadopunjavajuće metode koje omogućavaju potpuniju obradu istraživanih fenomena i veću valjanost empirijskih nalaza. Na kraju, svođenje teorije u psihologiji na psihometrijsku metodu i teorije u kineziologiji na kineziometrijsku metodu je anomalija brojnih kvantitativnih istraživanja unutar navedenih naučnih disciplina gde je utvrđivanje, a ne objašnjenje multikauzalne prirode psiholoških i kinezioloških pojava primarni fokus istraživanja.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/fizkul1301001T
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.06.2013.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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