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2012, vol. 65, br. 3-4, str. 129-132
Burnout sindrom kao problem mentalnog zdravlja studenata medicine
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za higijenu i medicinsku ekologiju
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet
Sažetak
Problemi mentalnog zdravlja adolescenata predstavljaju jedan od najdominantnijih problema javnog zdravlja. Medicinski poziv iziskuje intenzivan i stalan empatijski odnos sa pacijentima, što nosi rizik da se ova specifična sposobnost vemenom iscrpi. Učestalost sindoma izgaranja ili burnout sindroma, koji je sinonim za navedeno stanje emocionalne iscrpljenosti, dvostruko je veća u medicinskoj profesiji u odnosu na prosek ostalih, naročito među mladim lekarima. Burnout sindrom se danas posmatra kao psihološki problem i u procesu obrazovanja, a zapaža se kod čak 50% studenata medicine, sa rastućom učestalošću tokom trajanja studija. Najznačajniji faktori nezavisno povezani sa burnout sindromom studenata su: karakteristike ličnosti, lični životni stresni događaji i uslovi okruženja za obuku i studiranje na fakultetima. Razumevanje uzroka i posledica psihičkog distresa kod studenata je veoma važno, a fakulteti treba da identifikuju ove probleme, kao i da nastoje da promovišu zdravlje, razvijajući strategije za poboljšanja ličnog blagostanja koje su bitne za profesionalni uspeh i otpornost na stres budućih lekara.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1204129B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.09.2012.

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