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2017, vol. 72, br. 6, str. 797-805
Uvođenje različitih metoda multikriterijumske analize za evaluaciju i kritičko upoređivanje na projektima saobraćajne infrastrukture
University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Skopje, Macedonia

e-adresaivona.nedevska@live.com
Ključne reči: planiranje i projektovanje; železnička pruga; najbolja trasa železničke pruge; multikriterijumske metode; WSM; AHP metoda; VIKOR metoda
Sažetak
Donošenje odluka je studija identifikovanja i izbora alternativa, sa ciljem pronalaženja najboljeg rešenja baziranog na različitim faktorima i uzimajući u obzir očekivanja donosioca odluka. Svaka odluka se donosi u okruženju donosica odluka, koje je definisano kao skup informacija, alternativa, vrednosti i preferenci (prednosti) dostupnih u vremenu kad odluke treba da se donesu. Složena tačka u donošenju odluka je mnogobrojnost kriterijuma koji se koriste za procenu alternativa. Ciljevi su često konfliktni i u većini slučajeva u proces odlučivanja su uključene različite grupe eksperata. Da bi se pojednostavile ove analize postoje “multikriterijumske metode odlučivanja” radi potrebe da se ima formalizovani metod koji će pomoći pri odlučivanju u situacijama koje uključuju više kriterijuma. U radu je prikazana metodologija izbora trase u procesu planiranja i projektovanja železničke pruge koja se temelji na metodama višekriterijumskog odlučivanja. Predložena metodologija omogućava celovito i sistemsko rešavanje ovog problema, čiji krajnji rezultat treba da bude predlog najpovoljnije trase u skladu sa usvojenim kriterijumima i realnim ograničenjima. Razvijena metodologija je bazirana na metodi kompromisnog rangiranja (WSM, AHP I VIKOR metoda), a njeno testiranje izvršeno je na primeru izbora jedne od dve varijante trase železničke pruge na deonici Koridora X, između stanica Dracevo (Skopje) i stanica Veles. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali praktičnu primenu ove metodologije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/tehnika1706797N
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.01.2018.
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