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2005, vol. 59, iss. 9-10, pp. 243-247
Amtimicrobial activity of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L, Lamiaceae
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy
bInstitute for Medicinal Plant Research 'Dr. Josif Pančić ', Belgrade
cHemofarm koncern, Vršac
Abstract
The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis was investigated in this paper. The essential oil was obtained by the principle of water and steam and analyzed by GC and GC-MS using FID and MSD. The main components of the oil of Melissa officinalis were geranial (17.30%), neral (14.70%) and citronellal (10.70%). The antimicrobial properties were tested against the following bacterial species: B subtilis, B.cereus Bifidobacterium sp., Corynobacterium sp., E. coli, Klebsiella sp., L. acidophilus, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, Listeria monocytogenes, P. vulgaris, P. aerugenosa, S. enteritidis, Shigella sp., S. aureus, and fungi Candida albicans, Alternarija sp. and Aspergillus niger. The diffusion technique was used for testing: the antimicrobial activity, and the MIC was determined by the broth dilution method. The essential oil of M. officinalis showed high antimicrobial activity.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/HEMIND0510243A
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007

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