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2014, vol. 34, br. 34, str. 3-17
Pregled farmakoloških osobina ploda anisa (Pimpinella anisum L.)
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet
Ključne reči: plod anisa; varenje; nervni sistem; bronhijalna astma; estrogeno dejstvo; antimikrobno dejstvo
Sažetak
Anis (Pimpinella anisum L.) je jednogodišnja biljka iz fam. Apiaceae, koja se uglavnom gaji zbog plodova, koji sadrže 2-3% etarskog ulja u kom dominira trans-anetol. Anis se upotrebljava u narodnim medicinama mnogih zemalja zbog svog blagotvornog efekta na organizam. Takođe, često se koristi i za aromatizaciju alkoholnih pića, ali i kao dodatak slatkišima. U ovom radu je dat pregled upotrebe anisa, sa naučno potvrđenim dejstvima.Brojnim istraživanjima širom sveta je ustanovljeno da anis deluje na sistem organa za varenje tako što povećava sekreciju pljuvačnih žlezda, smanjuje aciditet želudačnog soka i olakšava pražnjenje creva. Takođe je ustanovljeno da deluje pozitivno i na funkciju jetre i pankreasa. Anis deluje i na nervni sistem i to kao antiepileptik i analgetik. Anis deluje i antiinflamatorno i antikancerogeno. Dejstvo anisa na respiratorni sistem naročito je značajno za lečenje bronhijalne astme. Anis je poznat i kao biljka sa estrogenim dejstvom, pri čemu se posebno ističe njegova primena za smanjenje vremena krvarenja i menstrualnih bolova, kao i za smanjivanje valunga kod žena u postmenopauzi. Brojnim istraživanjima je ustanovljeno da anis deluje na mikroorganizme koji izazivaju mnoge bolesti. Anis ima širok spektar dejstva, deluje na bakterije, gljivice, viruse i amebe.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/leksir1434003A
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.06.2015.

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