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2004, vol. 10, br. 1-4, str. 67-74
Dinamika sinteze ukupne biomase i mase zrna kod različitih vrsta strnih žita
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
Ključne reči: strna žita; biomasa; trajanje lisne površine; žetveni indeks; indeks klasa; prinos
Sažetak
Strna žita predstavljaju grupu srodnih biljnih vrsta koje su dominantne i po površinama i po proizvodnji u svetskoj i u našoj poljoprivredi. Ovoj grupi pripadaju sledeće poljoprivredne vrste: pšenica sa nekoliko važnih pod vrsta od kojih su najznačajnije hlebna pšenica i tvrda (durum) pšenica, te ječam, ovas, raž, itritikale. Cilj ovih istraživanja je bio da se na različitim vrstama (pšenica i tritikale) tj, podvrstama (obična hlebna i tvrda durum pšenica) strnih žita utvrdi dužina i intenzitet nalivanja zrna odcvetanja do pune zrelosti, kao i da se ustanovi morfološka varijabilnost, žetveni indeks i indeks klasa. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata izvedeni su zaključci da su ispitivani parametri kod tri vrste pšenice različiti: sinteza organske materije merena kod primarnih stabala kod različitih sorata pšenice je različita, najveću masu primarnih stabala ima sorta NS-triticale, zatim Durumko i najmanju sorta Pobeda, Masa vlažnog i suvog zrna najveća je kod NS -triticale, dok se ostale dve sorte ne razlikuju međusobno, Najveći prinos ostvarila je vrsta (sorta) NS-triticale, zatim hlebna sorta Pobeda, a najmanji tvrda pšenica Durumko.
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objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.07.2007.

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