• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:21
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:15


article: 3 from 3  
Back back to result list
2018, vol. 73, iss. 2, pp. 181-185
The electrochemical behaviour of re-synthesized cathode material from spent Li-ion batteries in an organic electrolyte
aInstitute of General and Physical Chemistry, Belgrade
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Physical Chemistry
Lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells - research and development (MESTD - 45014)

Keywords: lithium-ion batteries; the recycling of lithium-ion batteries; the co-precipitation method; LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2; an organic electrolyte
The excessive use of Li-ion batteries has resulted in the growing necessity of developing a recycling procedure for them, particularly stemming from their negative impact on the environment as well as the fact that the natural-ore metals contained in them can be replaced. This work presents a re-synthesis of cathode material obtained from spent Li-ion batteries using the co-precipitation method in order to recycle it. The structure of the re-synthesized metal was characterized by XRD and the morphology by SEM. The chemical content of the spent cathode material was determined by FAAS. In order to prove functionality, the electrochemical behaviour was examined in a 1M solution of LiClO4 in propylene carbonate by galvanostatic charging and discharging. Since the initial capacity of the re-synthesized material was 70.6 mAh g-1 when the current of charging/discharging was 100 mA g-1, the fade of capacity was 13% after the initial five cycles. The electrochemical properties of the re-synthesized material were then finally compared to the material re-synthesized by the citrate gel combustion method.
Bernardes, A., Espinosa, D., Tenório, J. (2004) Recycling of batteries: a review of current processes and technologies. Journal of Power Sources, 130(1-2): 291-298
Chen, L., Tang, X., Zhang, Y., Li, L., Zeng, Z., Zhang, Y. (2011) Process for the recovery of cobalt oxalate from spent lithium-ion batteries. Hydrometallurgy, 108(1-2): 80-86
Dorella, G., Mansur, M.B. (2007) A study of the separation of cobalt from spent Li-ion battery residues. Journal of Power Sources, 170(1): 210-215
Ferreira, D.A., Prados, L.M.Z., Majuste, D., Mansur, M.B. (2009) Hydrometallurgical separation of aluminium, cobalt, copper and lithium from spent Li-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 187(1): 238-246
Georgi-Maschler, T., Friedrich, B., Weyhe, R., Heegn, H., Rutz, M. (2012) Development of a recycling process for Li-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 207: 173-182
Hanisch, C., Haselrieder, W., Kwade, A. (2011) Recovery of Active Materials from Spent Lithium-Ion Electrodes and Electrode Production Rejects. in: Hesselbach, Jürgen; Herrmann, Christoph [ed.] Glocalized Solutions for Sustainability in Manufacturing, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Nature, str. 85-89
He, L., Sun, S., Song, X., Yu, J. (2015) Recovery of cathode materials and Al from spent lithium-ion batteries by ultrasonic cleaning. Waste Management, 46: 523-528
Jian-gang, L., Qian, Z., Xiang-Ming, H. (2007) Preparation of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode materials from spent Li-ion batteries. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 17, pp. 897-901
Kim, D., Sohn, J., Lee, C., Lee, J., Han, K., Lee, Y. (2004) Simultaneous separation and renovation of lithium cobalt oxide from the cathode of spent lithium ion rechargeable batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 132(1-2): 145-149
Kim, J., Kim, O., Park, C., Lee, G., Shin, D. (2015) Electrochemical Properties of Li1+xCoO2 Synthesized for All-Solid-State Lithium Ion Batteries with Li2S-P2S5 Glass-Ceramics Electrolyte. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(6): A1041-A1045
Kim, S., Yang, D., Sohn, J., Jung, Y. (2012) Resynthesis of LiCo1−xMnxO2 as a cathode material for lithium secondary batteries. Metals and Materials International, 18(2): 321-326
Lee, C.K., Rhee, K. (2002) Preparation of LiCoO2 from spent lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 109(1): 17-21
Lee, M.-H., Kang, Y.-J., Myung, S.-T., Sun, Y.-K. (2004) Synthetic optimization of Li[Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3]O2 via co-precipitation. Electrochimica Acta, 50(4): 939-948
Li, L., Chen, R., Zhang, X., Wu, F., Ge, J., Xie, M. (2012) Preparation and electrochemical properties of re-synthesized LiCoO2 from spent lithium-ion batteries. Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(32): 4188-4194
Lu, M., Zhang, H., Wang, B., Zheng, X., Dai, C. (2013) The Re-Synthesis of LiCoO2 from Spent Lithium Ion Batteries Separated by Vacuum-Assisted Heat-Treating Method. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, Vol. 8, pp. 8201-8209
Luo, X., Wang, X., Liao, L., Wang, X., Gamboa, S., Sebastian, P.J. (2006) Effects of synthesis conditions on the structural and electrochemical properties of layered Li[Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3]O2 cathode material via the hydroxide co-precipitation method LIB SCITECH. Journal of Power Sources, 161(1): 601-605
Nayaka, G.P., Pai, K.V., Santhosh, G., Manjanna, J. (2016) Dissolution of cathode active material of spent Li-ion batteries using tartaric acid and ascorbic acid mixture to recover Co. Hydrometallurgy, 161: 54-57
Nie, H., Xu, L., Song, D., Song, J., Shi, X., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Yuan, Z. (2015) LiCoO 2 : recycling from spent batteries and regeneration with solid state synthesis. Green Chemistry, 17(2): 1276-1280
Saloojee, F., Lloyd, J. (2015) Lithium battery recycling process
Sencanski, J.V., Vujkovic, M.J., Stojkovic, I.B., Majstorovic, D.M., Bajuk-Bogdanovic, D.V., Pastor, F.T., Mentus, S.V. (2017) Recycling of Lico0.59mn0.26ni0.15o2 Cathodic Material from Spent Li-Ion Batteries by the Method of the Citrate Gel Combustion. Hemijska industrija, vol. 71, br. 3, str. 211-220
Senćanski, J., Bajuk-Bogdanović, D., Majstorović, D., Tchernychova, E., Papan, J., Vujković, M. (2017) The synthesis of Li(Co Mn Ni)O 2 cathode material from spent-Li ion batteries and the proof of its functionality in aqueous lithium and sodium electrolytic solutions. Journal of Power Sources, 342: 690-703
Shaju, K., Subba, R.G., Chowdari, B. (2002) Performance of layered Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 as cathode for Li-ion batteries. Electrochimica Acta, 48(2): 145-151
Wang, R., Lin, Y., Wu, S. (2009) A novel recovery process of metal values from the cathode active materials of the lithium-ion secondary batteries. Hydrometallurgy, 99(3-4): 194-201
Wang, X., Gaustad, G., Babbitt, C.W., Richa, K. (2014) Economies of scale for future lithium-ion battery recycling infrastructure. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 83: 53-62
Weng, Y., Xu, S., Huang, G., Jiang, C. (2013) Synthesis and performance of Li[(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)1−xMgx]O2 prepared from spent lithium ion batteries. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 246-247: 163-172
Whittingham, M. S. (2004) Lithium Batteries and Cathode Materials. Chemical Reviews, 104(10): 4271-4302
Xu, J., Thomas, H.R., Francis, R.W., Lum, K.R., Wang, J., Liang, B. (2008) A review of processes and technologies for the recycling of lithium-ion secondary batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 177(2): 512-527
Yao, L., Yao, H., Xi, G., Feng, Y. (2016) Recycling and synthesis of LiNi 1/3 Co 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2 from waste lithium ion batteries using. RSC Advances, 6(22): 17947-17954


article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/tehnika1802181S
published in SCIndeks: 18/05/2018
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

Zaštita materijala (2018)
Recycling of cathode material from spent lithium-ion batteries
Medić Dragana V., et al.

J Min & Metal B Metallurgy (2013)
Leaching of a Cu-Co ore from Congo using sulphuric acidhydrogen peroxide leachants
Seo S.Y., et al.

Vojnotehnički glasnik (2020)
Recovery of cobalt from primary and secondary materials: An overiew
Stopić Srećko R., et al.

show all [5]