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2017, vol. 32, br. 2, str. 105-111
Uticaj rizobakterija i useva na klijanje i rani porast viline kosice (Cuscuta campestris Yunk.)
aInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresamarijasaric.msaric@gmail.com
Projekat:
Razvoj integrisanih sistema upravljanja štetnim organizmima u biljnoj proizvodnji sa ciljem prevazilaženja rezistentnosti i unapređenja kvaliteta i bezbednosti hrane (MPNTR - 46008)
Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)

Sažetak
Za ispitivanje uticaja rizobakterija (Planth Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria - PGPR) na klijanje semena i stope klijanja viline kosice (Cuscuta campestris Yunk.), korišćene su bakterijske kulture: Bacillus licheniformis (MO1), B. pumilus (MO2) i B. amyloliquefaciens (MO3) izolovane iz stajnjaka; B. megatherium ZP6 (MO4) iz rizosfere kukuruza; Azotobacter chroococcum Ps1 (MO5) i Pseudomonas fluorescens (MO6). Svakodnevno u periodu od deset dana brojana su proklijala semena. Takođe, za praćenje uticaja semena biljaka domaćina na klijanje semena i početni porast klijanaca viline kosice u mraku i pri tretmanu belom svetlošću korišćena su semena četiri biljke domaćina (lubenica, crvena detelina, lucerka i šećerna repa). Proklijala semena su prebrojavana svakodnevno u periodu od deset dana, a poslednjeg dana su izmerene dužine klijanaca. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da su tretmani MO3, MO4 i MO6 ispoljili inhibitorni (15%, 65% i 52%), a tretmani MO1 (Bacillus licheniformis), MO2 (B. amyloliquefaciens) i MO5 (Azotobacter chroococcum Ps1) stimulativni efekat (3%, 3% i 19%) na klijanje semena viline kosice. Takođe, rezultati dobijeni sa semenima biljaka domaćina ukazuju da je za podsticanje klijanja semena viline kosice, osim prisustva domaćina (73-79%, kontrola 80%), kao inicijalni faktor značajna i svetlost (83-95%, kontrola 95%).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1702105S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.10.2017.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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