Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:1
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:0

Contents

article: 1 from 4  
Back back to result list
2013, vol. 2, iss. 2, pp. 15-20
Influence of yarn structure on water vapor permeability of plain knitted fabrics
aVisoka tehnička škola strukovnih studija u Zrenjaninu, Zrenjanin
bUniverza v Ljubljani, Naravoslovnotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za tekstilstvo, Slovenija
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Textile Engineering

emailstankovic@tmf.bg.ac.rs
Project:
Investigation of the effect of parameters of synthesis and processing on dielectric, optical and magnetic properties, both bulk and surface of crystal and polymeric systems (MESTD - 171029)

Keywords: water vapor permeability; knitted fabric; yarn; twist; hairiness; macroporosity
Abstract
Water vapor permeability is a critical parameter in textile fabric comfort evaluation as it represents the ability of the fabric to transfer perspiration coming out of the human body. Clothing materials with high water vapor permeability allow the human body to take advantage of its ability to provide cooling due to the sweat production and evaporation. The influence of several factors such as the fabric structure, thickness, porosity and fiber type on water vapor permeability of common clothing materials was observed by previous researchers. The main objective of this study was to analyze the influence of yarn properties on water vapor permeability of plain knitted fabrics. The range of various yarn structures was obtained by applying different twist intensity during spinning. From three various twisted cotton yarns the knitted fabrics were produced under controlled conditions. Water vapor permeability and air permeability of the knitted fabrics were measured. The results obtained indicated the complex impact of the yarn core and surface geometry on water vapor permeability of plain knitted fabrics. The hairiness of yarn was proved as the parameter with great potential in terms of the water vapor transfer.
References
*** ISO 9237 textiles: Determination of the permeability of fabrics to air
Goodings, A.C. (1964) Air Flow through Textile Fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 34(8): 713-724
Majumdar, A., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yadav, R. (2010) Thermal properties of knitted fabrics made from cotton and regenerated bamboo cellulosic fibres. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 49(10): 2042-2048
Novaković, M., Bizjak, M., Stanković, S. (2013) Dizajn pletenina u funkciji optimalnog toplotnog komfora. Tekstilna industrija, vol. 61, br. 1, str. 30-36
Özdil, N., Marmaralı, A., Kretzschmar, S.D. (2007) Effect of yarn properties on thermal comfort of knitted fabrics. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 46(12): 1318-1322
Stanković, S.B. (2009) Uticaj strukture pređa na bazi agroceluloznih vlakana na njihovu dalju tekstilnu transformaciju i upotrebna svojstva. Beograd: Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Doktorska disertacija
The International Organization for Standardization ISO 11092 Textiles - Physiological effects - Measurement of the thermal and water-vapor resistance. Geneva
Tyagi, G.K., Krishna, G., Bhattacharya, S., Kumar, P. (2009) Comfort aspects of finished polzester-cotton and polzester-viscose ring and MJS yarn fabrics. Indian Journal of Fiber and Textile Research, 34, 137-143
Tyagi, G.K., Bhattacharya, S., Bhowmick, M., Narang, R. (2010) Studz of cotton ring - and compact - spun zarn fabrics: Part II Effects of spinning variables on comfort characteristics. Indian Journal of Fiber and Textile Research, 35, 128-133
 

About

article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 07/11/2013

Related records

Tekstilna industrija (2013)
Knitted fabrics design impact on optimal thermal comfort
Novaković Milada, et al.

Zb Tehnol fak Leskovac (2011)
Thermal comfort behavior of hemp based knitted fabrics
Mladenović Nenad, et al.

Tekstilna industrija (2019)
Modification of polyester fabric by treatment in alkaline solution
Ristić Nebojša, et al.

show all [7]