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Some tactile comfort properties of plain knitted fabrics
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Textile Engineering
bKatedra za tekstil, Fakultet za prirodne nauke i inženjerstvo, Ljubljana, Slovenija

emailstankovic@tmf.bg.ac.rs
Project:
Investigation of the effect of parameters of synthesis and processing on dielectric, optical and magnetic properties, both bulk and surface of crystal and polymeric systems (MESTD - 171029)

Keywords: knitted fabrics; tactile comfort; compression properties; surface properties; assembled yarns; fibre
Abstract
The sensory perception of textile materials is related to mechanical stimuli due to pressure and friction forces, so the softness and surface properties are considered to be the key parameters of fabric hand. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the fibre type, yarn structure and spinning technique on softness and surface properties of plain knitted fabrics. Plain knitted fabrics (jersey) were produced from the two- assembled hemp, viscose and cotton yarns so as to obtain five different fibre content knits: 100% hemp, 100% cotton, 100% viscose, 50%/50% hemp/cotton and 50%/50% hemp/viscose knit. The Kawabata Evaluation System (KES-F) compression and surface testing instruments were used to characterize these properties of the knitted fabrics used. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to determine the influence of the fibre type, yarn structure and spinning technique on the compression behavior, surface friction and geometrical roughness of the plain knitted fabrics. The analysis of KES data and a statistical method of ANOVA pointed out the influence of the fibre type, as well as yarn core and surface geometry, on compression properties and geometrical roughness of the knitted fabrics.
References
de Jong, S., Snaith, J.W., Michie, N.A. (1986) A mechanical model for the lateral compression of woven fabrics. Textile Res. J., 56, 759-767
Hu, J., Li, Y., Hu, J. (2010) Neuromechanical representation of fabric-evoked prickle: Spatial and probability integration. Fibers and Polymers, 11(5): 790-797
Stanković, S.B. (2012) Komfor odeće. Beograd: Zadužbina Andrejević
Stanković, S.B. (2008) Uticaj strukture pređa na bazi agroceluloznih vlakana na njihovu dalju tekstilnu transformaciju i upotrebna svojstva. Beograd: Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Doktorska disertacija
 

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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 13/12/2011

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