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2021, vol. 51, br. 2, str. 295-319
Predikcija mentalne jačine sportista na osnovu osobina ličnosti
Univerzitet 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Fakultet za sport, Beograd

e-adresazubicivana@gmail.com
Ključne reči: osobine ličnosti; mentalna jačina; sportisti
Sažetak
Cilj ovog istraživanja je da se ispita da li i u kojoj meri osobine ličnosti doprinose objašnjenju mentalne jačine sportista. Uzorak istraživanja je činilo 100 sportista koji se bave različitim takmičarskim sportovima. Mentalna jačina je merena upitnikom "Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire" ("Upitnik sportske mentalne jačine") - SMTQ (Sheard, Golby, Van Wersch, 2009), a HEKSAKO bazične crte ličnosti instrumentom HEXACO-60 (Ashton & Lee, 2009). Rezultati su pokazali statistički značajne pozitivne korelacije između poštenja, sa jedne, i samopouzdanja (r= 0,31, p<0,01), konzistentnosti (r= 0,45, p<0,01), kontrole (r= 0,34, p<0,01) i ukupne mentalne jačine (r= 0,46, p<0,01), sa druge strane. Takođe, utvrđene su statistički značajne pozitivne korelacije ekstraverzije, sa jedne, i samopouzdanja (r= 0,39, p<0,01), konzistentnosti (r= 0,62, p<0,01), kontrole (r= 0,30, p<0,01) i ukupne mentalne jačine (r= 0,44, p<0,01), sa druge strane. Ustanovljene su i statistički značajne pozitivne korelacije između savesnosti i samopouzdanja (r= 0,30, p<0,01), konzistentnosti (r= 0,58, p<0,01), kontrole (r= 0,23, p<0,01) i ukupne mentalne jačine (r= 0,52, p<0,01). Statistički značajne negativne korelacije ustanovljene su između emocionalnosti, sa jedne, i samopouzdanja (r= -0,37, p<0,01), konzistentnosti (r= -0,46, p<0,01), kontrole (r= -0,46, p<0,01) i ukupne mentalne jačine (r= -0,54, p<0,01), sa druge strane. Dok korelacije prijatnosti i otvorenosti ka iskustvima, sa jedne, i dimenzija i ukupne mentalne jačine, sa druge strane, nisu statistički značajne. Multipla regresiona analiza je sprovedena sa ciljem predikcije mentalne jačine sportista na osnovu osobina ličnosti. Od ukupnog varijabiliteta mentalne jačine, 34% varijabiliteta se može objasniti na osnovu osobina ličnosti sportista. Rezultati su pokazali da je emocionalnost statistički značajan prediktor mentalne jačine. Parcijalni doprinosi ostalih osobina ličnosti nisu statistički značajni. Ova studija je dala doprinos razumevanju osobina ličnosti sportista koje doprinose njihovoj mentalnoj jačini, suočavanju sa izazovima i reagovanju u takmičarskim situacijama.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ZRFFP51-30487
primljen: 22.01.2021.
prihvaćen: 06.07.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.09.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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