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2016, vol. 68, iss. 6, pp. 293-306
Specific features of jihadist terrorism
nema

emailm.panovic@ptt.rs
Keywords: jihad; terrorism; Islam; sharia; war
Abstract
The political phenomenon known as “terrorism” is lately omnipresent in everyday life, with an ever higher tendency to develop and attract more attention. Islamism is a term denoting all political ideologies which believe that Islam is not only a religion but that it represents also a political system that is supposed to be a legislative basis as well as the source of principles for the country’s social and governmental structure. Human blood shedding entails the punishment both on earth and in heaven, but the Muslim community can wage wars under clearly defined conditions. According to the Koran, the Muslims have to fight on the Path of God and their ideal have to be the Prophet with his war comrades. Jihad is a constant effort of the man to be exemplary and good during life; the fight against internal evil; the fight for moral living; the effort of doing good deeds; and the participation in the reconstruction of society, for the common welfare. Believers’ life circumstances determine the meaning, and thus Jihad can mean the fight against oppression and injustice, but also the fight for defense and spreading of the Islamic religion, through preaching and teaching, and if necessary even through armed struggle, namely the “holy war”. The radical followers of Islam, supporters of the ideology of Islamism, believe in and aspire to apply the assertions of the Koran in public life, and aim to impose their ideological views on others as well. Detailed analysis brings a conclusion that the United States have had the highest direct influence on the global spread of Islamic terrorism. Due to their political errors, American politicians have directly contributed to drawing the attention of radical Islam on themselves. Suicide bomber actions are characteristic for jihadist terrorism. However, none of the world religions, Islam included, advises or supports illegal violence, and therefore Islam is misused for terrorist purposes.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
DOI: 10.5937/vojdelo1606293R
published in SCIndeks: 27/12/2017

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