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2017, vol. 46, iss. 2, pp. 30-36
The work of epidemiologists in the anti-rabies station of the Institute of Public Health Pirot from 2006 to 2015
Zavod za javno zdravlje, Centar za prevenciju i kontrolu bolesti, Pirot,
Keywords: antirabic protection; antirabic station; District of Pirot
Vaccines and human antirabies serum is possible to prevent the occurrence of rabies to the injured persons. Epidemiologist good survey should determine the number of factors to determine the indications for antirabic protection. Also, during his work he can seek help from various agencies and institutions to provide complete protection escaped injury. In the observed period, epidemiologists have occurred 980 persons, 58.88% male and 41.12% female. Immediately after the bite, rinse the wound, but before the doctor came forward, 41.33% bitten used a homemade brandy. The chosen doctor after the examination and treatment of the wound, with 64.19% of injured prescribed antibiotics per os. After checking the immune status regarding protection against tetanus after animal bites 55.11% of the fully immunized against tetanus by giving antitetanus and human immunoglobulin. There was no need to be vaccinated against tetanus 37.24% of injured because they were fully protected, either during the systematic vaccination (children) or have been vaccinated before the personal injury. The owners are known for 69.57 % of the domestic animals that were inflicted injury to people, of which 20.15% were inflicted injury to their owners. For 30.43% of domestic animals that are causing injury to people could not find the owner. Of the domestic animals whose owners are known, 27.16% were regularly vaccinated against rabies At 44.18% of domestic animals was performed 10day supervision of a veterinarian, and at 25.83 % of the animals 10day supervision of injured by the owner or by the of injured persons who were reporting the health status of the animals for 10 days. Under the 10daily supervision is placed 51.88% of domestic animals of unknown owners, since they were captured by the animal hygiene services of municipal enterprises, and 9.22% were followed from the very of injured, after the animals were in the area, on the street, next to the facility where they work, or wandering in the village and the like. Of the 101 persons who were indicated for antirabic protection, 87.13% are fully protected, at 7.92% vaccination was discontinued due to the obtained negative results, and 4.95 % refused to take the vaccine. Because of measures taken in combating rabies in the Republic of Serbia, and in this regard the recommendations Pasteur Institute to work in the antirabies stations cells, there was a separation of the number of animals from Group C (which is growing) and the number of people who are antirabies protected (which decreased). For the same reason, an epidemiologist, over time, increasingly relied on cooperation and work animal hygiene service.
*** (2012) Dopis antirabičnim stanicama od 29. 6. 2012. Zavod za antirabičnu zaštitu - Pasterov zavod, Novi Sad, Nacionalna referentna laboratorija za besnilo, str. 2. Novi Sad, u potpisu prof. dr Dušan Lalošević
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