• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:10
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:9


article: 1 from 3  
Back back to result list
2018, vol. 13, iss. 42, pp. 133-156
Constructionism as a media paradigm
Akademija za nacionalnu bezbednost, Beograd
Keywords: constructionism; symbolic reality; text; intertextuality; selection; media
Research of the nature of mass communication by using different theoretical approaches has gone a long way since its perception as a transmission of symbolic content (whose aim is to create certain effect used for confirming or questioning social order) to the construction of symbolic or media reality. The media simultaneously create reality through symbolic legitimization, which does not eliminate the possibility of their planned impact on the audience. In this case, the intentionality of the media appears as long-term product of their significant role with a completely uncertain outcome. Namely, interpretative frameworks whose bearers are social institutions, organizations, interest groups, political parties and individuals create numerous definitions of reality reproduced by symbolic activity of the media in the processes of legitimization and delegitimization. In these terms, according to Hall, the media are secondary definers, whereas the leading social institutions and organizations are primary definers of reality (Hall, 1978:57). The confrontation between different definitions of reality always actualizes the issue of power, as well as the media conditions in which they are implemented. Thus, mass media appear as an infrastructure for the objectivization of different presentations through the process of creating symbolic construction. Aside from constructing reality, the media are part of that reality as well. Perceiving media reality as the result of specific form of management and production of meaning is a shift in the perception of the media in society. The mass media practice is thus not observed from the aspect of message transfer, but as a process of producing meaning in marking reality. In this way, media contents offer reference and interpretative frameworks for interpreting actual events and in some cases, they replace them.
Babcock, P., Staff, M.W.E. (1961) Webster's third new international dictionary of the English language, unabridged: Utilizing all the experience and resources of more than one hundred years of Merriam-Webster dictionaries. London: Bell
Balažić, M. (2006) Diskurs globalizacije. Filozofija i društvo, br. 29, str. 131-149
Ber, V. (2001) Uvod u socijalni konstrukcionizam. Beograd: Zepter Book World
Berger, P.L., Luckmann, T. (1992) Socijalna konstrukcija zbilje - rasprava o sociologiji znanja. Zagreb: Naprijed
Bodrijar, Ž. (2001) Simulacija i zbilja. Zagreb: Naklada Jesenski i Turk
Bodrijar, Ž. (1998) Savršen zločin. Beograd: Beogradski krug
Bodrijar, Ž. (1991) Simulakrumi i simulacija. Novi Sad: Svetovi
Brettschneider, F. (1998) Agenda building & agenda setting. in: Jarren O., Sarcinelli U., Saxer U. [ed.] Politische Kommunikation in der demokratischen Gesellschaft: Ein Handbuch mit Lexikonteil, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 635-636
Brosius, H.B., Eps, P. (1995) Framing auch beim Rezipienten?, Der Einfluß der Berichterstattung über fremdenfeindliche Anschläge auf die Vorstellungen der Rezipienten. Medienpsychologie, 7: 169-183
Bruner, J.S. (1990) Acts of meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Bruner, J.S. (1991) The narrative construction of reality. Critical Inquiry, 18 (1): 1
Cohen, B. (1936) The press and foreign policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Denzin, N. (1989) Interpretive interactionism. Newbury Park: Sage Publications
Druckman, J.N. (2001) On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame?. Journal of Politics, 63(4): 1041-1066
Entman, R.M. (2006) Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication, 43(4): 51-58
Fuko, M. (2006) Volja za znanjem - istorija seksualnosti. Loznica: Karpos, I
Fuko, M. (2007) Poredak diskursa. Loznica: Karpos
Geertz, C. (1973) The Interpretation of Culture. New York: Basic Books
Gennete, G. (1982) Palimpsestes: La litterature au second degre. Paris: Edition du Seuil
Gergen, K., Gergen, M. (2006) Socijalna konstrukcija: ulazak u dijalog. Beograd: Zepter Book World
Gitlin, T. (1980) The whole world is watching: Mass media in the making and unmaking of the new left. Los Angeles-London: University of California Press
Goffman, E. (1986) Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Boston: Northeastern University Press
Hall, S. (1997) The work of representation. in: Hall S. [ed.] Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices, London: Sage, pp. 13-64
Hall, S. (1997) Representation & the media. Northampton: Media education foundation
Hall, S. (1994) Reflections upon the encoding/decoding model: An interview with Stuart Hall. in: Cruz J., Lewis J. [ed.] Viewing, Reading, Listening: Audiences and Cultural Reception, Boulder, San Francisco-Oxford: Westview Press, pp. 253-274
Hall, S. (2005) Encoding/decoding. in: Hall S., Hobson D., Lowe A., Willis P. [ed.] Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-1979, London: Routledge, pp. 117-128
Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J., Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the crisis: Mugging, the state and law and order. London: Macmillan
Heck, C.M. (2005) The ideological dimension of media messages. in: Hall S., Hobson D., Lowe A., Willis P. [ed.] Culture, Media, Language: Working papers in cultural studies, 1972-1979, London: Routledge, pp. 110-117
Juvan, M. (2013) Intertekstualnost. Novi Sad: Akademska knjiga
Kristeva, J. (1969) Sèméiotikè: recherches pour une sémanalyse. Paris: Editions du Seuil
Kunczik, M., Zipfel, A. (2006) Uvod u znanost o medijima i komunikologiji. Zagreb: Zaklada Friedrich Ebert
Lacan, J. (1965) Ecrits. Paris: Editions du Scuil
Lachmann, R. (1990) Intertekstualnost pokušaj definisanja pojma. Polja, 458: 103-111
Laclau, E., Mouffe, C. (1985) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy. Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London: Verso
Lazarsfeld, P.F., Merton, R.K. (1960) Mass communication, popular taste and organized social action. in: Bradford C., Moritz H. [ed.] The Communication of Ideas, Boston: Heath, pp. 492-512
Lippman, W. (1922) Public opinion. New York, itd: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich
Mccombs, M., Shaw, D.L. (1977) The emergence of American political issues: The agenda-setting function of the press. New York: West Publishing Co
Mills, S. (2003) Michael Foucault. London: Routledge
Morley, D. (1980) The 'Nationwide' Audience. London: British Film Institute
Protess, D., McCombs, M. (1991) Agenda setting: Readings on media, public opinion and policy making. Hillsdale: L. Erlbaum
Radojković, M., Đorđević, T. (2001) Osnove komunikologije. Beograd: Fakultet političkih nauka
Rogers, E., Dearing, J. (1988) Agenda-setting research: Where has it been, where is it going?. Communication Yearbook, 11, 555-594
Stojnov, D. (2005) Od psihologije ličnosti ka psihologiji osoba - konstruktivizam kao nova platforma u obrazovanju i vaspitanju. Beograd: Institut za pedagoška istraživanja
Tankard, J., Hendrickson, L., Silberman, J., Bliss, K., Ghanem, S. (1991) Media frames: Approaches to conceptualization and measurement. in: Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Boston, MA
Trenaman, J., McQuail, D. (1961) Television and the Political Image. London: Methuen & Co
van Gorp, B. (2007) The Constructionist Approach to Framing: Bringing Culture Back In. Journal of Communication, 57(1): 60-78
Vuksanović, D. (2007) Filozofija medija - ontologija, estetika, kritika. Beograd: Čigoja štampa


article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/comman13-17741
published in SCIndeks: 13/07/2018
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0