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2003, vol. 53, br. 3-4, str. 209-222
Biljni čajevi - dopuna terapije dijabetesa
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Farmaceutski fakultet, Institut za farmakognoziju
Ključne reči: biljke; ekstrakti; tradicionalni lekovi; hipoglikemijska i antihiperglikemijska aktivnost; savremena primena biljnih čajeva
Sažetak
Savremenim ispitivanjima je potvrđeno da neka jedinjenja izolovana iz biljaka (tradicionalnih lekova) poseduju "delovanje slično insulinu". Ipak mnogo je više biljaka, biljnih ekstrakata i supstanci koje se, po efektima primene i mehanizmima, mogu uvrstiti u neku od četiri grupe "oralnih antidijabetika". I pored značajnih rezultata u ispitivanju (hemijskom i farmakološkom) biljaka i tradicionalnih lekova za lečenje dijabetesa, malo je zvanično registrovanih lekovitih fitopreparata (PLS, OTC). Pored nekih dijetetskih preparata namenjenih dijabetičarima, u našim apotekama se mogu naći biljni čajevi za olakšavanje tegobe kod dijabetesa; mali je broj drugih oblika doziranih fitopreparata. Analizom sastojaka čajeva, koji se danas koriste u terapiji dijabetesa, utvrđeno je da su to droge koje sadrže polisaharide (Guar gummi), tanine, gorke sastojke (Centaurii herba, Taraxaci radix, T. herba), soli hroma (Phaseoli pericarpium, Myrtilli folium) i derivate gvanidina (Galegae herba). Pošto je potvrđeno da ove i druge biljke utiču na nivo glukoze u krvi, najčešće slično lekovima iz grupe "oralni antidijabetici", biljni preparati predstavljaju dopunu medikamentozne terapije i treba ih koristiti uz konsultaciju i pod nadzorom lekara.
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jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.06.2007.

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