kako citirati ovaj članak
podeli ovaj članak


  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:0
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:0


članak: 1 od 2  
Back povratak na rezultate
2017, vol. 50, br. 2, str. 103-116
Association of attachment disorganization, attachment-related emotion regulation, and cortisol response after standardized psychosocial stress procedure: A pilot study
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aTechnische Universität Dresden, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Dresden, Germany + German Sport University Cologne, Institute of Prevention Research, Germany
bUniversity of Rostock, Department of Special Education, Rostock, Germany
cTechnische Universität Dresden, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Dresden, Germany
dUniversity of Innsbruck, Institute of Psychology, Innsbruck, Austria

Ključne reči: Adult attachment; attachment disorganization; cortisol; stress reactivity; psycho-social stress
(ne postoji na srpskom)
Attachment representations are related to maintaining biological homeostasis, including physiological stress and emotional regulation. Therefore, recent research has focused on attachment stress regulation and hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity. However, the attachment disorganization underlying emotion regulation associated with the HPA axis response has not yet been investigated. In our study, the attachment representation and the HPA-axis reactivity by cortisol level before and after the Trier Social Stress Test were assessed in a sample of 98 healthy non-clinical subjects. As expected, approximately 30% of this sample showed a disorganized attachment representation. The subjects' unresolved attachment (breakdown of emotional regulation) showed a prolonged cortisol recovery. No differences were found between the attachment patterns in the increase and the delta of the cortisol response. However, the cortisol reactivity differed significantly for the occurrence of emotional regulation. The subjects with a high occurrence of attachment-related emotion regulation showed a higher cortisol response than the subjects with an unresolved attachment and the ones with a low occurrence of attachment-related emotion regulation. Regulating the negative emotions of stressful situations may require more attention as it might lead to an increased activation of the physiological system.
American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington, DC, 4th ed. text rev, Author
Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., van IJzendoorn, M.H. (2009) The first 10,000 Adult Attachment Interviews: distributions of adult attachment representations in clinical and non-clinical groups. Attachment & Human Development, 11(3): 223-263
Barbasio, C., Granieri, A. (2013) Emotion Regulation and Mental Representation of Attachment in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201(4): 304-310
Bevans, K., Cerbone, A.B., Overstreet, S. (2005) Advances and Future Directions in the Study of Children's Neurobiological Responses to Trauma and Violence Exposure. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(4): 418-425
Bowlby, J. (1980) Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books
Buchheim, A., George, C. (2012) Using the AAP in neurobiology research. u: George C.; West M. [ur.] The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System, New York: Guilford Press, 253-274
Buchheim, A., Heinrichs, M., George, C., Pokorny, D., Koops, E., Henningsen, P., o`Connor Mary-Frances,, Gündel, H. (2009) Oxytocin enhances the experience of attachment security. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(9): 1417-1422
Butler, E.A., Wilhelm, F.H., Gross, J.J. (2006) Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, emotion, and emotion regulation during social interaction. Psychophysiology, 43(6): 612-622
Cunningham, W.A., Zelazo, P.D. (2007) Attitudes and evaluations: a social cognitive neuroscience perspective. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(3): 97-104
Ditzen, B., Schmidt, S., Strauss, B., Nater, U.M., Ehlert, U., Heinrichs, M. (2008) Adult attachment and social support interact to reduce psychological but not cortisol responses to stress. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64(5): 479-486
Evans, J.St.B.T. (2011) Dual-process theories of reasoning: Contemporary issues and developmental applications. Developmental Review, 31(2-3): 86-102
First, M.B., Sppitzer, R.L., Gibbon, M., Williams, J.B.W. (1977) Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders. Washington: American Psychiatric Press
Fizke, E., Buchheim, A., Juen, F. (2013) Activation of the attachment system and mentalization in depressive and healthy individuals: An experimental control study. Psihologija, vol. 46, br. 2, str. 161-176
Gander, M., Buchheim, A. (2015) Attachment classification, psychophysiology and frontal EEG asymmetry across the lifespan: a review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:
George, C., Kaplan, N., Main, M. (1985) Attachment interview for adults. Unpublished manuscript. Berkeley: University of California
George, C., Solomon, J. (2008) The caregiving system. A behavioral systems approach to parenting. u: Cassidy J., P. R. Shaver [ur.] Handbook of attachment. Theory, research and clinical applications, New York: The Guilford Press, pp. 833-856
George, C., West, M. (2012) The adult attachment projective picture system. New York: Guilford Press
George, C., West, M. (2001) The development and preliminary validation of a new measure of adult attachment: The adult attachment projective. Attach Hum Dev, 3(1): 30-61
George, C., Solomon, J. (1996) Representational models of relationships: Links between caregiving and attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 17(3): 198-216
Goldin, P.R., McRae, K., Ramel, W., Gross, J.J. (2008) The Neural Bases of Emotion Regulation: Reappraisal and Suppression of Negative Emotion. Biological Psychiatry, 63(6): 577-586
Hörz, S., Mertens, W., Buchheim, A. (2011) Changes of attachment patterns during psychoanalytic psychotherapies. u: Winter Meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association (APsaP), 14 January 2011, New York 2011, [Poster]
Jaremka, L.M., Glaser, R., Loving, T.J., Malarkey, W.B., Stowell, J.R., Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K. (2013) Attachment Anxiety Is Linked to Alterations in Cortisol Production and Cellular Immunity. Psychological Science, 24(3): 272-279
Juen, F., Arnold, L., Meissner, D., Nolte, T., Buchheim, A. (2013) Attachment disorganization in different clinical groups: What underpins unresolved attachment?. Psihologija, vol. 46, br. 2, str. 127-141
Kidd, T., Hamer, M., Steptoe, A. (2011) Examining the association between adult attachment style and cortisol responses to acute stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36(6): 771-779
Kirschbaum, C., Pirke, K., Hellhammer, D.H. (2008) The 'Trier Social Stress Test' - A Tool for Investigating Psychobiological Stress Responses in a Laboratory Setting. Neuropsychobiology, 28(1-2): 76-81
Kudielka, B.M., Hellhammer, D.H., Kirschbaum, C. (2007) Ten years of research with the Trier Social Stress Test: Revisited. u: Harmon-Jones E.; Winkielman P. [ur.] Social neuroscience: Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior, New York, NY: Guilford, pp. 56-83
Lam, S., Dickerson, S.S., Zoccola, P.M., Zaldivar, F. (2009) Emotion regulation and cortisol reactivity to a social-evaluative speech task. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(9): 1355-1362
Laux, L., Glanzmann, P., Schaffner, P., Spielberger, C.D. (1981) Das State-Trait Angstinventar [The Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory]. Weinheim: Beltz
Main, M., Goldwyn, R. (1988) Adult attachment scoring and classification system. Berkeley: Department of Psychology, University of California, Unpublished manuscript
Main, M., Goldwyn, R. (1988) Adult attachment scoring and classification system. Berkeley: Department of Psychology, University of California, Unpublished manuscript
Maunder, R.G., Lancee, W.J., Nolan, R.P., Hunter, J.J., Tannenbaum, D.W. (2006) The relationship of attachment insecurity to subjective stress and autonomic function during standardized acute stress in healthy adults. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 60(3): 283-290
McEwen, B.S., Stellar, E. (1993) Stress and the individual: Mechanisms leading to disease. Archives of Internal Medicine, 153(18): 2093
McEwen, B.S. (1998) Protective and Damaging Effects of Stress Mediators. New England Journal of Medicine, 338(3): 171-179
Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P.R., Pereg, D. (2003) Attachment theory and affect regulation: The dynamics, development and cognitive consequences of attachment-related strategies. Motivation and Emotion, 27(2): 77-102
Nolte, T., Bolling, D.Z., Hudac, C.M., Fonagy, P., Mayes, L., Pelphrey, K.A. (2013) Brain mechanisms underlying the impact of attachment-related stress on social cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:
Pierrehumbert, B., Torrisi, R., Ansermet, F., Borghini, A., Halfon, O. (2012) Adult attachment representations predict cortisol and oxytocin responses to stress. Attachment & Human Development, 14(5): 453-476
Pierrehumbert, B., Torrisi, R., Glatz, N., Dimitrova, N., Heinrichs, M., Halfon, O. (2009) The influence of attachment on perceived stress and cortisol response to acute stress in women sexually abused in childhood or adolescence. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(6): 924-938
Pruessner, J.C., Kirschbaum, C., Meinlschmid, G., Hellhammer, D.H. (2003) Two formulas for computation of the area under the curve represent measures of total hormone concentration versus time-dependent change. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 28(7): 916-931
Quirin, M., Pruessner, J.C., Kuhl, J. (2008) HPA system regulation and adult attachment anxiety: Individual differences in reactive and awakening cortisol. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33(5): 581-590
Richards, J.M., Gross, J.J. (2000) Emotion regulation and memory: The cognitive costs of keeping one's cool. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(3): 410-424
Rifkin-Graboi, A. (2008) Attachment status and salivary cortisol in a normal day and during simulated interpersonal stress in young men. Stress, 11(3): 210-224
Scheidt, C.E., Waller, E., Schnock, C., Becker-Stoll, F., Zimmermann, P., Lücking, C.H., Wirsching, M. (1999) Alexithymia and Attachment Representation in Idiopathic Spasmodic Torticollis. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 187(1): 47-52
Solomon, J., George, C. (2011) Disorganized attachment and caregiving. New York: Guilford Press
Solomon, J., George, C., de Jong, A. (1995) Children classified as controlling at age six: Evidence of disorganized representational strategies and aggression at home and at school. Development and Psychopathology, 447-463; 7
Solomon, J., George, C. (1996) Defining the caregiving system: Toward a theory of caregiving. Infant Mental Health Journal, 17(3): 183-197
Sterling, P., Eyer, J. (1988) Allostasis: A new paradigm to explain arousal pathology. u: Fisher S.; Reason J. [ur.] Handbook of Life Stress, Cognition and Health, New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 629-649
van Cauter, E., Refetoff, S. (1985) Multifactorial control of the 24-hour secretory profiles of pituitary hormones. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 8(4): 381-391
van Overwalle, F., Vandekerckhove, M. (2013) Implicit and explicit social mentalizing: dual processes driven by a shared neural network. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:
Vrtička, P., Bondolfi, G., Sander, D., Vuilleumier, P. (2012) The neural substrates of social emotion perception and regulation are modulated by adult attachment style. Social Neuroscience, 7(5): 473-493
Wittchen, H.U., Zaudig, M., Fydrich, T. (1997) Strukturiertes Klinisches Interview für DSM-IV. Göttingen: Hogrefe

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/PSI130807001P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.07.2017.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0