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2018, vol. 23, br. 45, str. 3-13
Pogodnost različitih hibrida kukuruza za razviće Plodia interpunctella (Hübner)
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet
dUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresasonja.gvozdenac@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Unapređenje proizvodnje kukuruza i sirka u uslovima stresa (MPNTR - 31073)

Ključne reči: Plodia interpunctella; hibridi kukuruza; razvoj; podložnost zrna
Sažetak
Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), bakrenasti moljac (BM), jedna je od značajnijih štetočina u skladištima širom sveta. BM larve se mogu naći u velikom broju u skladištenom kukuruzu, što uzrokuje ogromne gubitke u vidu smanjenja klijavosti i vitalnosti semena. Cilj rada je da se proceni pogodnost (podložnost) šest hibrida kukuruza (NS 6140, NS 640, NS 1090, NS 444 - tip zubana, NS 620k - tip kokičara, Crveni kukuruz - tip kukuruza sa izmenjenom, crvenom bojom aleurona) za razvoj BM. Standardna laboratorijska podloga (SLP) korišćena je kao kontrola. U laboratorijskim uslovima praćeni su sledeći parametri: smrtnost larvi, srednje vreme razvića (od jaja do leptira), eklozija leptira, dužina života leptira i fekunditet ženki. Osetljivost/podložnost zrna određena je na osnovu indeksa osetljivosti (SI). Najveća smrtnost BM larvi zabeležna je na NS 620k (35,25%), u poređenju sa drugim hibridima kukuruza (11,2-19,5%). Najveći broj eklodiranih leptira bio je na Crvenom kukuruzu (17,5), a najniži na NS 620k (4,0). Najduži životni vek zabeležen je kod leptira odgajanih na NS 6140 i NS 640 (8,5 dana, odnosno 8,7 dana). Najveći fekunditet su imale ženke odgajane na SLP (115,8 jaja), dok je među hibridima kukuruza najviši bio na Crvenom kukuruzu (44,3 jaja), a najmanji broj jaja položile su ženke sa NS 620k (22,8 jaja). Leptiri odgajani na NS 620k imali su u proseku najkraće dužine tela (0,9 cm), što ukazuje na smanjene telesne sposobnosti. Prema indeksu osetljivosti (SI), Crveni kukuruz (SI = 7.79) bio je najosetljiviji, odnosno najpogodniji za razvoj BM, dok je NS 620k (SI = 3.08) bio manje pogodan.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/AASer1845003G
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.10.2018.
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